Endocrine Disrupters and the Pill
- How EDs Work
- Our Stolen Future
- Drugs in the Environment
Examples of EDs
- Government Testing
- The Pill as an ED
- History of the Pill
- Case Study: Coastal Waters
- Case Study: Fish
- Case Study: Men in Italy
- What you can do!
- Further Information
Comments & questions to:
Batt, Sharon. "Pouring Drugs Down the Drain." Herizons (2005 Spring): 12
- Borenstein, Seth. "Estrogen
Bend Gender of Male fish Living in water Contaminated by Birth Control Pill Residue." Knight Ridder Newspapers 27 June 2003.
Burgess, Carla. "Estrogens in Coastal Waters: The Sewage Source." Environmental Health Perspectives 111 (2003 April): 232
Colborn, Theo et al. "Our Stolen Future." 1996
EPA. "Clean Water Act." Environmental Protection Agency. As amended in 2002.
EPA. "Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program." Environmental Protection Agency 29 March 2006
EPA. "Resource Conservation and Recovery Act" Environmental Protection Agency 1986
EPA. "Safe Drinking Water Act." Environmental Protection Agency 2004.
EPA. "Toxic Substance Control Act." Environmental Protection Agency. 1976
Food and Drug Administration. "Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act" As amended through December 31, 2004
Figà-Talamanca, Irene and Pietro Carbone. "Environmental Factors and the Proportion of Males at Birth in Italy." Archives of Environmental Health 58 (2003 February): 119-124
Fox, Jennifer E. "Non-Traditional Targets of Endocrine Disrupting
Chemicals: The Roots of Hormone Signaling" Intergr.
Comparative Biology 45 (2005): 179-188
Gazit, Chana (Director) "American Experience: The Pill" PBS
Hollander, Dore. "Environmental Effects on Reproductive Health: The
Endocrine Disruption Hypothesis." Family Planning
Perspectives 29 (1997 Mar/Apr): 82,86,89
Johns Hopkins. "Hopkins Report: As the Pill Turns 40, More Women Than
Ever Use It." Johns Hopkins Center for Communication
Programs 5 May, 2000
Knopper, Melissa. "Drugging Our Water: We Flush it, the We Drink It." Green Living: E Magazine (2003 Jan/Feb): 40-1
Mendes, JJ Amaral. "The endocrine disrupters: a major medical
challenge." Food and Chemical Toxicology 40 (2002):
Petrovic, M. and E Eljarrat, MJ Lopez de Alda, D Carceló.
"Endocrine Disrupting Compound and other emerging
contaminants in the environment: A survey on new monitoring strategies and occurrence
Bioananalytical Chemistry 378 (2004): 549-562
Roth, M. "Pharmaceuticals in the Environment."
Schäfer, AI and TD Waite. "Removal of Endocrine Disrupters in
Advanced Treatment- The Australian Approach." Centre
for Water and Waste Technology
Stiffler, Lisa. "Birth control May be Harming State's Salmon: Synthetic
Estrogen in water seem to affect reproduction."
Seattle Post-Intelligencer 4 June 2003.
Tulane University. "e.hormone" Center for Bioenvironmental Research 16
April 2006. 16 April 2006. <
Vogel, Jason M. "Perils of Paradigm: Complexity, Policy Design, and the
Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program" Environmental
Health: A Global Access Science Source 4 (2005)
Last updated: 5/2/2006