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Environmental Studies

Endocrine Disrupters and the Pill

Introduction
How EDs Work
Our Stolen Future
Drugs in the Environment
Examples of EDs
Government Testing
Laws
The Pill as an ED
History of the Pill
Case Study: Coastal Waters
Case Study: Fish
Case Study: Men in Italy
Solutions
What you can do!
Further Information

Comments & questions to:
khornbach@macalester.edu

Examples of EDs

When Colborn wrote Our Stolen Future, her examples of endocrine disrupters were limited, including DES, DDT, naturally occurring plant estrogens called phytoestrogens, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), and bisphenol A (BPA) a common component in plastic. The Our Stolen Future website is updated regularly with information pertinent to recognizing more EDs in our world. The list is now long, and includes many substances that are a part of everyday life. The list now includes:
-Amitrol: a defoliant and herbicide
-Atrazine: a selective herbicide for weed control in large scale agriculture, also one of the most abundantly used herbicides in the world
-Arsenite: used in the production of dyes and soaps for use on skin and is also used as an insecticide to fight against termites, it is also used as a wood preservative and to treat certain skin conditions
-Benzophenone: is used in heavy perfumes and soaps, it is also used in antihistamines and     insecticides
-Butylated hydroxyanisole: used as an antioxidant in fat-containing foods, also preserves food  from becoming rancid
-Cadmium: a metal used in dentistry, photography, paints, glass, electronic components,     pesticides, and lubricants.
-Dithiocarbamate: is used as a pesticide, a fungicide, and in cancer immunotherapy
-Nitrofen: is used as an herbicide on many vegetables
-Pentachlorophenol: is used as an insecticide for termite control, an herbicide, in shingles, roof tiles, brick walls, concrete blocks, insulation and pipe sealants

This is only a partial list. According to the Our Stolen Future this is merely a list of common offenders. Their list now includes roughly 90 different ED chemicals. The problem has really become what can and should be done about the fact that there are chemicals in our environment and daily lives that can seriously harm our lives. Many considered Theo Colborn's book alarmist literature, but further information was soon to come out.

Information on this page from: Our Stolen Future  and the Our Stolen Future website

Last updated:  5/2/2006

 


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Comments and questions to khornbach@macalester.edu