Course Descriptions

History
Old Main, Room 311
651-696-6493
FAX: 651-696-6498

Office Hours
September 1-May 31
Weekdays 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
June 1-August 31
Tuesdays 8 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

History

HIST 109 - January in China

This introductory level course uses historical frameworks and methodology to explore China in January. Through readings, lectures, site visits and discussion, the students will be introduced to the major changes in Chinese government, society, economy and culture from the earliest times to the present day. Visiting Chinese cities such as Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu and/or Hong Kong for about two weeks, the students will also experience the Chinese way of life through tasting Chinese food, conducting interactive contacts with their Chinese peers, and exercising close-up observation of social, economic and cultural activities in China. Students are required to work on a research project of a topic of their own choice.

Frequency: Offered occasionally.

HIST 110 - Introduction to European History

A one semester introduction to the study of European history focusing on a selected period; designed primarily for lower division students who have no previous college-level background in this general field.

Frequency: Occasionally

HIST 112 - The Global in the Local

This introductory level course uses historical frameworks and methodologies to explore that bumpersticker motto: "Think Globally. Act Locally." Through readings, films, lectures, and discussion, this course explores central trends in world history; economic change, from industrialization and commercialization to globalization and the information economy; political activism, inside and outside electoral politics; the construction of gender, race, and class, and their impact on everyday lives; urbanization and the development of neighborhoods; immigration and the transformation of communities. We will use similar resources plus site visits, tours, guest lectures, and hands-on activities to explore how these trends have shaped the state of Minnesota and the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. There will be key points where we will explore how local developments have shaped national patterns. Throughout, students will be positioned as historians to analyze the changing relationships between "the global" and "the local." In the end, they will understand not only our local community better, but they will be better prepared to analyze any community in which they find themselves. Meets the global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Offered occasionally.

HIST 114 - History of Africa to 1800

A study of the history of Africa before 1800, this course covers the major themes relating to the development of African societies and cultures from the earliest times. Students will engage with themes of state-building, trade and religion as catalysts for change and learn how historians have reconstructed the history of early Africa. This course will provide students with knowledge of specific case studies from North, South, East, West, and Central Africa.

Frequency: Every year.

HIST 115 - Africa Since 1800

This course is designed to introduce students to the history of Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It examines major themes relating to change in the colonial period such as European conquest and imperialism, the development of the colonial economy, African responses to colonialism and the rise of nationalist movements that stimulated the movement towards independence. Students will examine these themes by applying them to case studies of specific geographic regions of the continent.

Frequency: Every year.

HIST 121 - The Greek World

This course surveys the political, economic, and cultural development of the peoples of the ancient Greek world from the late Bronze Age through the Hellenistic era. Students will hone their critical thinking skills while working with translations of ancient literature, archaeological remains and works of art. The basic structure of the course is chronological, but we will examine major themes across time and space, which may include the interaction between physical landscape and historical change; rule by the one, the few and the many; the nature and development of literary and artistic genres; the economic, military, and/or cultural dimensions of empire; or the intersections of gender, sexuality, ethnicity, slave/free status and civic identity in the Greek world.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

CLAS 121

HIST 122 - The Roman World

This course introduces students to the Roman world, which at its height stretched from Britain to Iran, from Germany to Africa, and lasted well over a thousand years. Students will develop critical thinking skills while working with Roman literature in translation, art, architecture and other archaeological remains. The structure of the course is chronological, but we will examine major themes across time and space, which may include the development of Roman literature out of and in response to Greek culture; the effects of the civil wars and the resulting political change from a republic to a monarchy; the cultural, religious and/or military aspects of the Roman empire and its immediate aftermath; Roman conceptions of gender, sexuality, slave and free status, citizenship and/or ethnicity, and how these social categories were used to legitimize or exercise power.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

CLAS 122

HIST 135 - American Violence to 1800: Age of Contact to the American Revolution

This course will interrogate the way scholars study large-scale violence in its many forms between human communities. Throughout class discussions we will consider the ways in which warfare has been recorded and analyzed in early America. While warfare and major political conflicts will be discussed, the class will also engage the meanings of violence by investigating intra- and inter- cultural violence within and between colonial America's many ethnic, political, and religious groups. The chronological focus of the course, circ. 1500-1800, also permits our examination of the idea of American exceptionalism. Is there a specific form or pattern of violence or warfare that can be called "American?" If so, does this type of violence remain present in our contemporary society?

Frequency: Occasionally

HIST 136 - American Violence 1800 to 1865: The Early Republic to the Civil War

This course will interrogate the way scholars study large-scale violence in its many forms between human communities. Throughout class discussions we will consider the ways in which violence has been recorded and analyzed in the Early Republic, Antebellum, and Civil War eras. While warfare and major political conflicts will be discussed, the class will also engage the meanings of violence by investigating intra- and inter- cultural violence within and between early America's many ethnic, political, and religious groups. The chronological focus of the course, circ. 1800-1865, also permits our examination of the idea of American exceptionalism. Is there a specific form or pattern of violence or warfare that can be called "American?" If so, does this type of violence remain present in our contemporary society?

Frequency: Occasionally

HIST 140 - Introduction to East Asian Civilization

This course introduces the cultures and societies of China, Japan and Korea from the earliest times to the present day. Primarily an introductory course for beginners in East Asian civilization, this course considers a variety of significant themes in religious, political, economic, social and cultural developments in the region. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Every fall.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 140

HIST 154 - African Life Histories

In this course we will learn about African history through the stories that Africans themselves have told about their own lives. We will use oral history, songs of West Africa's griots; slave narratives; political autobiographies; theatre and film to explore the personal narration of lived experience. To guide our class discussions we will also consult scholarly essays about life history as a genre, to help us understand the methodology behind the production of these important texts. Class activities will include seminar discussions, writing workshops, a field trip and intermittent background lectures. Each student will carry out an individual research project on their topic of choice.

Frequency: Offered annually.

HIST 180 - Going Global: The Experiment of World History

What broad patterns do we see repeated across human cultures and eras? How do current international concerns shape the way we perceive these patterns, and retell the past? This course is an introduction to the youngest and boldest experimenters in the discipline of history: global historians. We follow these trail-blazers to every corner of the planet and across the grandest expanses of time, all the way from the emergence of Homo sapiens to present day. Such a sweeping survey of human history invites us to look beyond chronological, national, cultural and geographic boundaries. It also forces us to sharply rethink the methodology of traditional historians. Throughout our critical survey of world history we will assess the usefulness (and potential outdatedness) of the concepts of civilization, empire, revolution, and global networks. This course fulfills the global/comparative requirement for the major.

Frequency: Every year.

HIST 181 - Introduction to Latin America and the Caribbean

This course offers a general survey of the complex and heterogeneous region we somewhat reductively term Latin America. It follows a roughly chronological approach, beginning with the eve of encounter and continuing through the contemporary era. Discussions will consider themes such as the institution and legacy of colonialism, the search for new national identities, and the onset of modern racial and political strife. The course will emphasize the import of global economic, political, and cultural trends on the formation of the region. Meets the global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Offered every year.

Cross-Listed as

LATI 181

HIST 190 - Topics in US History

A topical analysis of United States history stressing the historical antecedents of selected contemporary issues; designed primarily for underclassmen who have no previous college-level background in this general field.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 192 - Topics Course

Varies by semester. Consult the department or class schedule for current listing.

HIST 194 - Topics Course

Varies by semester. Consult the department or class schedule for current listing.

HIST 201 - History of U.S. Feminisms

This is an introductory course about the history of U.S. feminism as it was articulated and experienced in the United States from roughly 1800-1970. We will focus on not only on the experience of those who worked for the cause of women's rights but also the ideologies at home and abroad that influenced feminist thought. In so doing, we will interrogate the myths about feminism and the backlash against it that are central to the history, culture, and politics of the United States. This course is especially concerned with the multiple and contradictory strains within feminism. Topics that the class will consider include: the roots of feminism as it took shape in the anti-slavery movement, the overlap of women's rights and the civil rights movement of the twentieth century, and the women's health movement, among others.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

WGSS 201

HIST 213 - Women in African History

The objective of this course is to explore the role that women have played in the development of African history and to understand the major issues that define their experience as women from this region of the world. This course introduces students to the ways in which gender is studied in African history and to the major "break-through" works on women in African history. An important component of this course is the study of life histories of women from various geographical regions of the continent.

Frequency: Alternate years

HIST 220 - Ethics of Service

In this course we will discuss the ethical questions that arise when students engage in service and learning in contexts of difference. Taking our examples from Peace Corps, Teach for America, travel/study abroad, community activism and human rights work, we will read and discuss diverse perspectives on the ways that power and privilege relate to service and altruism. We will place our discussion in historical perspective while considering its implications for today's world. We will therefore locate our inquiry within a broader historical and global framework that acknowledges traditions of philanthropy from diverse religious and cultural contexts. Our course materials will include personal memoirs and travel narratives, multi-disciplinary analytical texts, reflections on experience from study abroad participants and invited guests, films and field trips. The course will take the form of an interactive seminar and will welcome all points of view. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement. Course offered as S/N grading only.

Frequency: Offered annually.

HIST 222 - Imagining the American West

Fantasies about the U.S. West are central to American history, popular culture, and collective memory. From John Wayne to Zane Grey to Disneyland, ideas about the West have shaped the ways we think about settlement, conquest, race, gender, and democracy. This course examines the myths that have circulated about the West alongside what has been called new western history, in an attempt to make sense of western Americans and the societies they created. Beginning with notions of the frontier, we will consider the scholarship that challenges our thinking about a region that has defied simple constructions.

Frequency: Offered alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

AMST 222

HIST 224 - African American History: Slavery, Emancipation, and Reconstruction

This course explores the Afro-American experience from the villages of West Africa to the cotton plantations of the antebellum South. Considers West African social structure and culture, the international slave trade, the development of racism, the development of American slavery, the transformation of Afro-American culture over more than two centuries, the struggle, the possibilities of reconstruction, and the ultimate rise of share-cropping and segregation.

Frequency: Occasionally

Cross-Listed as

AMST 224

HIST 225 - Native American History

Historian Daniel Richter once wrote, "for better or worse, native history belongs to all of us." What could Richter have meant by this statement? What is native history and why would it belong to "all of us?" The history of America covers a much longer span than that usually covered in U.S. history courses. The coasts, plains and mountains of the North American continent may have been a "new world" to European traders and explorers, but to the two million people who already inhabited these lands, America was as much the "old world" as was Europe. In this course we will examine the history of North America from the age of contact to the end of the 19th century. Instead of approaching American Indian history from the perspective of Europeans, we will attempt to reconstruct the history of 16th-19th century North Americans from an indigenous perspective.

Frequency: Occasionally.

Cross-Listed as

AMST 225

HIST 228 - Gender and Sexuality in Colonial America and the Early Republic

Since the 1960s historians have revisited early American history to identify populations on the margins and historical actors whose stories and experiences were neglected in the traditional canon of history. Historians of women made some of the first forays into this important work of recovery. Building up the foundations produced by women's historians, the field of gender and sexuality studies have flourished and enriched the narratives of American history. This course examines American peoples and cultures from the 16th through early 19th centuries to uncover the ways in which gender and sexuality shaped the formation of an early American society. Particular attention will be given to the way that ideologies of gender and sexuality shaped early concepts of race and the development of North American political institutions.

Frequency: Occasionally

Cross-Listed as

WGSS 228

HIST 230 - Women and Work in US History

An historical overview of women's changing experiences with work-both paid and unpaid-from the mercantilist economy of colonial times to the post-industrial era of the late twentieth century. This course is designed primarily for students who have no previous college-level background in U.S. history. Approved for Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies.

Frequency: Offered occasionally.

HIST 232 - Immigration and Ethnicity in US History

An overview of U.S. history as seen through the experiences of newly arriving and adjusting immigrant groups. This course is designed primarily for students who have no previous college-level background in U.S. history.

Frequency: Occasionally

Cross-Listed as

AMST 232

HIST 234 - American Environmental History

People have always had to contend with the natural world, but only recently have historians begun to explore the changing relationships between people and their environment over time. In this course, we will examine the variety of ways that people in North America have shaped the environment, as well as how they have used, labored in, abused, conserved, protected, rearranged, polluted, cleaned, and thought about it. In addition, we will explore how various characteristics of the natural world have affected the broad patterns of human society, sometimes harming or hindering life and other times enabling rapid development and expansion. By bringing nature into the study of human history and the human past into the study of nature, we will begin to see the connections and interdependencies between the two that are often overlooked.

Frequency: Fall semester.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 234

HIST 236 - Consumer Nation: American Consumer Culture in the 20th Century

"Of all the strange beasts that have com slouching into the 20th century," writes James Twitchell, "none has been more misunderstood, more criticized, and more important than materialism." In this course we will trace the various twists and turns of America's vigorous consumer culture across the twentieth century, examining its growing influence on American life, its implications for the environmental health of the world, and the many debates it has inspired.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 236

HIST 237 - Environmental Justice

Poor and minority populations have historically borne the brunt of environmental inequalities in the United States, suffering disproportionately from the effects of pollution, resource depletion, dangerous jobs, limited access to common resources, and exposure to environmental hazards. Paying particular attention to the ways that race, ethnicity, class, and gender have shaped the political and economic dimensions of environmental injustices, this course draws on the work of scholars and activists to examine the long history of environmental inequities in the United States, along with more recent political movements-national and local-that seek to rectify environmental injustices.

Frequency: Spring semester.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 237 and AMST 237

HIST 239 - Farm and Forest: African Environmental History

In this course we will explore the complex interaction between the African physical world or "nature" (plants, soils, water, climate) and "culture" or human society over time, from the pre-colonial through the colonial period to present. We will also seek to understand the meanings (including cultural and symbolic meanings) associated with the African natural world, both for African societies and for non-Africans who have lived, worked, or been engaged with the continent. We will delve into historical controversies about land use. population growth, wildlife conservation, desertification and other topics. Each student will gain insight into a particular historical issue or case study through an independent research project.

Frequency: Offered alternate years.

HIST 241 - Food, Environment, and Society in 20th Century America

This course will follow the history of 20th century American food from the farm through the factory and then to the table. In other words, students will come to know how Supermarket America came to dominate the landscape. We will explore the transformation of the family farm to industrial endeavor and the role of the federal government, farm lobbyists, and land grant universities in that process. The course will also examine the role of technology and science in making American food systems more efficient and complex through assembly lines, pesticides and herbicides, and the genetic modification of foods. Finally we will explore the political questions surrounding Supermarket America and why many Americans revolted against it by demanding organic foods and macrobiotic diets and more generally food justice. The environmental impact of America's ways of eating will run throughout the course. While the instructor will give brief conceptual lectures, textual analysis and in class discussion will act as the primary mode of inquiry.

Frequency: Once per academic year.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 241 

HIST 244 - US Since 1945

This course examines the tumultuous changes that define the postwar era in U.S. society and culture. Themes of the course will vary depending on instructor. Topics may include: cultural tensions of the Cold War era, the civil rights movement and Black Power, the women-s movement, postwar prosperity, suburbanization, the Vietnam War, and the New Right.

Frequency: Occasionally

HIST 248 - Jim Crow

This course examines the political, cultural, economic, and social ramifications of segregation in the United States from approximately 1865 to the present. While much of the course will focus on the South, we will also consider how racial boundaries were drawn in the West and North. The course will pay special attention to the ways racial boundaries became "fixed", and how black men and women defied Jim Crow in the streets, courts, and in their homes. Additionally, this class examines how segregation has been forgotten and how and when it is remembered.

Frequency: Offered alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

AMST 248

HIST 250 - Science, Magic and Belief

Events of the distant European past continue to shape our modern attitudes towards religion, magic and science. How did people in the sixteenth- and seventeenth- century Atlantic world use these frameworks to make sense of the world around them? In this course we will journey back to the period of the "Scientific Revolution" to investigate how and why people began to distinguish sharply between the three systems. Who lost, and who profited, from this transition? What similarities between religion, magic and science persisted? To understand this turning point, we will compare contemporaneous cases of individuals who practiced magic, science and religion and ran afoul of authorities. Their trials highlight how the three spheres began to diverge. Cases we will consider might include the 1633 trial of Galileo, and the 1663 witchcraft trial of Tempel Anneke in Germany.

Frequency: Every other year.

HIST 251 - Pirates, Translators, Missionaries: Between Atlantic Empires

Why are cultural intermediaries often remembered as villains or traitors? This course calls the popular stereotype into question by focusing on four dramatic case studies of notorious but pivotal mediators who moved between the Spanish, Aztec, English, French, Kongolese and Portuguese empires of the early modern period. Among others, we will consider conflicting primary source accounts and current scholarship about the Dona Marina, the Mexica translator for the Army of Cortes; Nathaniel Courthope, and English profiteer who made a fortune peddling nutmeg between India and New York; two competing French pirates who sacked the South American port city of Cartagena de Indias twice in a single month; and Dona Beatriz, an Kongolese convert to Christianity who was burned at the stake for professing that she was possessed by the spirit of Saint Anthony. This diverse group of pirates, missionaries and translators walked a similar tightrope between worlds, both liberated and constrained by their border crossings. We will evaluate how gender, race, religion, and imperial loyalties affected the survival of this small group of interlopers, and how, in spite of this, they came to disproportionately influence events in the Atlantic world. This course fulfills both the global/comparative and pre-1800 requirements for the major.

Frequency: Every other year.

HIST 252 - Conversion and Inquisition: Religious Change

What causes people to change their religious beliefs? How have societies handled those who do alter their spiritual attitudes? This course focuses on several dramatic case studies of men and women who self-consciously changed their religion during the turbulent period of imperial encounters between the mid-1500s and the 1700s. Among others, we will examine and interrogate reports of converts to Christianity including Jewish and Muslim prisoners of the Inquisition, captives of Mediterranean pirates, and the nearly canonized Mohawk convert Catherine Tekakwitha. We will consider how violence, national loyalties, gender, charisma, local power dynamics, environmental upheaval, and serendipity affected the choices and fates of these converts. This course fulfills the pre-1800 requirement for the major.

Frequency: Every other year.

HIST 256 - Transatlantic Slave Trade

This class examines the Atlantic commerce in African slaves that took place roughly between 1500 and 1800. We will explore, among other topics, transatlantic commerce, the process of turning captives into commodities, the gendered dimensions of the slave trade, resistance to the trade, the world the slaves made, and the abolitionist movement on both sides of the Atlantic. Students will read a range of primary and secondary sources in order to gain a more complex understanding of the slave trade and how it changed over time. Meets the global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

AMST 256

HIST 257 - Empires

This course will survey the evolution of modern European empires from their inception in the mid-nineteenth century to their aftermath in the 1980s and 1990s. The course will be organized topically, separate modules being devoted to theory, imperial administration, race and segregation in the colonies, cultural and economic exploitation of colonies, European culture and imperialism, indigenous anti-colonial movements and decolonialization, and the issue of colonialism's role in globalization. Materials will be drawn from the experiences of the British, French, German, Dutch and Russian empires. Lectures, class discussions and films. Essay exams prepared outside of class and quizzes.  Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 258 - Europe Since 1945

A survey of European history from the end of World War II to the present, emphasizing social and economic history and including both western Europe and the former socialist republics of eastern Europe. The course tests the hypothesis that Europe constitutes a social and political entity as well as a geographic one. Among the topics the course will cover are a comparison of European post-World War II reconstruction (East and West), Europe's power decline in a global context, Europe as a tool and a participant in the Cold War, political trends and their roots in social and economic change, and the origins and European-wide implications of the collapse of the socialist states of eastern Europe.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 260 - Rise/Fall of Tsarist Russia

A survey of the development of Russian social and political institutions from Peter the Great (1682-1724) to 1917. The course will explain the growth of the tsar's authority, the origins and outlooks of Russia's major social/gender groups (nobility, peasants, merchants, clergy, women, minorities, Cossacks) and the relations which grew up between the tsar and his society. The course will conclude with an appraisal of the breakdown of the relationship in 1917, and the tsarist legacy for Russia's social and political institutions in the Soviet Union and beyond.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 261 - Making History: Russian Cinema as Testimony, Propaganda, and Art

Through the study of Russian films starting from the silent era up to the present day, the course will explore how storytelling in cinema differs from professional history and fiction, as well as how power relations, technology, and aesthetics shaped cinematic depictions of major historical events in Russia and the Soviet Union, from medieval times to post-Soviet era. Students will view and analyze films that are among the essential Russian contributions to world cinema, by directors including Eisenstein, Tarkovsky, Mikhalkov, and Sokurov. Course readings will draw upon film theory, history, fiction, and memoirs. We will use our readings to create a conceptual framework for examining the films as documents of real events, as vehicles of propaganda, and as imaginative works of art. In addition to attending weekly film screenings and discussing the films and readings in class, students will give presentations on topics of their choice arranged in consultation with the instructors. Two professors will teach the course jointly, one a historian of Russia and the other a specialist in Russian literature and visual culture.

Frequency: Alternate spring semesters.

Cross-Listed as

RUSS 261

HIST 262 - Soviet Union and Successors

A survey of Russian, Soviet and post-Soviet history from the Russian Revolution to the present. Topics include the Bolshevik revolution of 1917, Bolshevik rule and its tsarist heritage, Soviet "monocratic" society under Lenin and Stalin, dissent in the USSR, the "command economy" in the collapse of Communist political power, and national consciousness as an operative idea in the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 263 - Global Encounters in History: China and Africa

Is China a "new colonial power" that threatens to gobble up Africa's natural resources? Or does China offer an alternative development model that results in a "win-win" relationship for Africa and nations starting to "look East?" Both sides in this heated current debate about China and Africa have overlooked the critical historical dimensions of China-Africa engagement. In this course we will begin by exploring the long history of interaction between Africa and East Asia, from the time of early sailing ships in the Indian Ocean through the Afro-Asian solidarities of the Cold War. We will focus specifically on the relationship between the People's Republic of China and African nations, from the 1960s through to the present day. We will place these relations in context, not only historically but also in terms of global processes of economic, social and cultural interaction. We will use written texts, film and visual media, poetry, life stories and other resources to understand China-Africa relations from the perspective of everyday, lived experience. Each student will also carry out a research project on an individual topic. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Offered alternate years.

HIST 274 - The Great Tradition in China before 1840

A study of the culture and society of China from earliest times to the eighteenth century, when the impact of the West was strongly felt. The course will feature themes in Chinese history, including the birth of the Great Philosophers, the story of the Great Wall, the making and sustaining of the imperial system, the Silk Road and international trade and cultural exchange, the emergence of Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism, Genghis Kahn and his Eurasian Empire, the splendid literary and artistic achievements, the Opium War and its impact on modern China. Lecture/discussion format.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 274

HIST 275 - The Rise of Modern China

A study of leading institutions and movements of nineteenth- and twentieth-century China. Major emphases include the impact of Western imperialism, intellectual and cultural changes, the transformation of peasant society through revolution, the rise of Mao Tse-Tung, and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, and the rise of China as a world power. Special attention will be given to China's international relations.

Frequency: Every year.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 275

HIST 276 - The Great Tradition in Japan before 1853

A survey of the major political, social, religious, intellectual, economic and artistic developments in Japan from earliest times to the opening of Japan in the 1850s. The course will revisit Japan's emperor system, Shintoism, feudalism, Samurai as a class, selective borrowing from China, Korea, and the West, and the background of Japan's rapid modernization after the Meiji Restoration.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 276

HIST 277 - The Rise of Modern Japan

Japan's rapid industrialization in the latter part of the nineteenth century, and its phenomenal rise as the number two economic power in the world after the devastation wrought by World War II, have led many scholars to declare Japan a model worthy of emulation by all "developing" nations. After an examination of feudal Japan, this course probes the nature and course of Japan's "amazing transformation" and analyzes the consequences of its strengths as a nation-state. Considerable study of Japanese art, literature, and religion will be undertaken and American attitudes toward the Japanese and their history will also be examined.

Frequency: Every year.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 277

HIST 281 - The Andes: Race, Region, Nation

This course provides a survey of Andean history with an emphasis upon the formation of collective identities. Class discussion will treat continuities and divergences between the Andean colonial and post-colonial experiences, especially the intersection between racial and regional tensions and their impact upon the emergence and construction of nation-states. Recent topics explored have included the role of landscape in Andean culture, Incan and neo-Incan cultural mythologies, the conflation of racial and class identities in the twentieth century, violence and guerrilla movements, urbanization, and the various shades of indigenismo.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

LATI 281

HIST 282 - Latin America: Art and Nation

This course presents an historical overview of the interaction between artists, the state, and national identity in Latin America. After an introduction to the import of images to crafting collective identities during the colonial era and the 19th century, we will focus on the 20th century. Topics to be discussed include the depiction of race, allegorical landscapes and architectures, the art of revolution, and countercultures. Multiple genres will be explored with an emphasis on the visual arts, architecture, and popular music.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

LATI 282

HIST 283 - Amazon: A Cultural History

This course traces depictions of the Amazon rainforest from the 16th century to the present with an emphasis on three central allegories - the Amazon as cultural crossroads; the Amazon as untapped economic resource; and the Amazon as a-historical paradise (or hell).

Frequency: Every other year.

HIST 294 - Topics Course

Varies by semester. Consult the department or class schedule for current listing.

HIST 340 - US Urban Environmental History

In the minds of many Americans, cities are places where nature is absent-places where nature exists only in the crevices and on the margins of spaces dominated by technology, concrete, and human artifice. This course confronts this assumption directly, drawing on the scholarship from the relatively young field of urban environmental history to uncover the deep interconnections between urban America and the natural world. Among the other things, we will examine how society has drawn upon nature to build and sustain urban growth, the implications that urban growth has for transforming ecosystems both local and distant, and how social values have guided urbanites as they have built and rearranged the world around them. Using the Twin Cities has a backdrop and constant reference point, we will attempt to understand the constantly changing ways that people, cities, and nature have shaped and reshaped one another throughout American history.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 340

HIST 343 - Imperial Nature: The United States and the Global Environment

Although the United States accounts for just five percent of the world's population, it consumes roughly twenty-five percent of the world's total energy, has the world's largest economy, and is the world's largest consumer and generator of waste. Relative to its size, its policies and actions have had a significantly disproportionate impact on global economic development and environmental health. Mixing broad themes and detailed case studies, this course will focus on the complex historical relationship between American actions and changes to the global environment. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 343

HIST 345 - Car Country: The Automobile and the American Environment

At the dawn of the twentieth century, automobiles were newfangled playthings of the very wealthy; by century's end, they had become necessities of the modern world. This momentous change brought with it a cascading series of consequences that completely remade the American landscape and touched nearly every aspect of American life. This course will explore the role that cars and roads have played in shaping Americans' interactions with the natural world, and will seek an historical understanding of how the country has developed such an extreme dependency on its cars. In the process, we will engage with current debates among environmentalists, policymakers, and local communities trying to shape the future of the American transportation system and to come to grips with the environmental effects of a car-dependent lifestyles and landscapes.

Cross-Listed as

ENVI 345

HIST 350 - Race, Gender, and Science

How has science informed definitions of race, sex, and gender in the past? This class examines the scientific discourses and methodologies that have, historically, sought to explain racial and sexual difference. We will examine scholarship that considers the social effects of science and the intersections of race, gender, sexuality, and science. Among the topics under consideration: the definitions of deviance in colonial and post-colonial societies, eugenics, contemporary debates on race, sexuality, and genetics.

Frequency: Offered alternate years.

HIST 352 - Modern Britain

The development of English politics and society from the time of George III to the twentieth century. Among the topics to be considered are: the transition from rural to urban society; the American Revolution; the rise and decline of Britain as world leader; Victorian and Edwardian society; England and Ireland; and the future of Britain in the modern world.

Frequency: Offered occasionally.

HIST 353 - Oceans in World History

Between 1450 and 1850, people started to venture farther outward into oceans that had previously been understood as dangerous and hostile environments. This course takes the Age of Sail as a starting point to track changes in human approaches to boundless waters. We will consider two questions in particular: How have oceans functioned as a means of global integration rather than division? How are historians using oceans to further the study of world (versus regional) history? Readings will cover and compare the Atlantic, pacific, and Indian Oceans, and address themes of diaspora, port cities, banditry, trade, and imperial encounters. Every other year. This course fulfills the global/comparative requirement for the history major.

Frequency: Every other year.

HIST 364 - Germany from 1871 to Present

A survey of the history of German society and politics from the Bismarckian unification to the present with emphasis on the origins of the German and world catastrophe of 1933-45. Among the major issues covered will be Bismarck and his legacy for German politics, the army and German political life, the Weimar Republic and German political culture, the origins and development of the Nazi party, Germany between the United States and the USSR, and Germany's significance in post-Cold War Europe.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 366 - Europe in the Age of Upheaval and Revolution

A study of European politics, culture and society during the years (1780-1850) in which Europe experienced the most profound social and political transformations in its history. Among the topics to be considered are the French Revolution, urbanization, industrialization, new concepts of the family, Darwin, and the growth of new ideologies.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 376 - Public History

This course introduces students to the ways history is being practiced in the public sphere. We will examine a wide array of topics that fall under the rubric of public history including the study of archives, museums, and oral histories. The course will also consider historical reenactment, commemoration, digital history, and the preservation of historical sites. As we explore these topics we will be asking larger questions about who practices history, the role of audience, and the relationship between history and memory.

Frequency: Alternate years.

HIST 378 - War Crimes and Memory in East Asia

This course's main goal is to introduce evidence of the major crimes and atrocities during World War II in East Asia such as the Nanjing Massacre, biochemical warfare (Unit 731), the military sexual slavery ("comfort women") system, the forced labor system, and inhumane treatment of POWs. The course will also help students understand the contemporary geo-political and socio-economic forces that affect how East Asians and Westerners collectively remember and reconstruct World War II. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Offered occasionally.

Cross-Listed as

ASIA 378

HIST 379 - The Study of History

This advanced course is required for majors. It examines the various forms of analysis used by historians through a study of different kinds of historical texts and sources. It provides an opportunity for students to develop the skills and habits of thinking essential to practicing the discipline of history. This course invites students to address some of the myriad questions and controversies that surround such historical concepts as "objectivity," "subjectivity," "truth," "epistemology," and thereby to develop a "philosophy" of history. At the same time, it stresses the acquisition of such historical tools as the use of written, oral, computer and media sources and the development of analytical writing skills. The subject matter for study changes each year. Recent themes of the course have been memory, empires, and class formation.

Frequency: Every year.

HIST 381 - Transnational Latin Americas

This course examines critical and primary literatures concerning the transnational, hemispheric, Atlantic, and Pacific cultures that have intersected in Latin America since the early colonial era, with a particular focus on the 19th and 20th centuries. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Alternate years.

Cross-Listed as

INTL 381 and LATI 381

HIST 382 - Remembering the Modern City

This class interrogates the role that memory and history have played in the formation of modern urban landscapes and identities during the 19th and 20th centuries. Besides introducing theoretical and global case studies, the course considers the layering of metahistorical significance upon sites in the Twin Cities and includes an archival research component. Meets global and/or comparative history requirement.

Frequency: Offered every other year.

HIST 394 - Topics Course

Varies by semester. Consult the department or class schedule for current listing.

HIST 490 - Special Advanced Topics

The senior seminar is taught every fall on themes that cross chronological and geographic lines. Past themes have included Memory, Migration, Gender and Micro-History.

Frequency: Every fall.

HIST 494 - Topics Course

Varies by semester. Consult the department or class schedule for current listing.

HIST 601 - Tutorial

A student or a small group of students may get together with a department member to examine a theme in which the latter has considerable expertise but which is not normally covered in his or her regular courses.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 602 - Tutorial

A student or a small group of students may get together with a department member to examine a theme in which the latter has considerable expertise but which is not normally covered in his or her regular courses.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 603 - Tutorial

A student or a small group of students may get together with a department member to examine a theme in which the latter has considerable expertise but which is not normally covered in his or her regular courses.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 604 - Tutorial

A student or a small group of students may get together with a department member to examine a theme in which the latter has considerable expertise but which is not normally covered in his or her regular courses.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 611 - Independent Project

Students may carry out independent research on specific topics under the supervision of a member of the department with expertise on that particular field. The work should result in an original paper or series of papers. Only one independent study may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 612 - Independent Project

Students may carry out independent research on specific topics under the supervision of a member of the department with expertise on that particular field. The work should result in an original paper or series of papers. Only one independent study may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 613 - Independent Project

Students may carry out independent research on specific topics under the supervision of a member of the department with expertise on that particular field. The work should result in an original paper or series of papers. Only one independent study may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 614 - Independent Project

Students may carry out independent research on specific topics under the supervision of a member of the department with expertise on that particular field. The work should result in an original paper or series of papers. Only one independent study may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor.

HIST 621 - Internship

A student may register for an internship with any member of the department. Off campus learning experiences must have explicit historical content. The student, the faculty sponsor, and the site supervisor will negotiate a learning agreement which specifies the student's goals, means of achieving them, and the manner in which the internship will be evaluated. A standard internship will involve ten hours per week and earn four credits. Only one internship may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Internship Office.

HIST 622 - Internship

A student may register for an internship with any member of the department. Off campus learning experiences must have explicit historical content. The student, the faculty sponsor, and the site supervisor will negotiate a learning agreement which specifies the student's goals, means of achieving them, and the manner in which the internship will be evaluated. A standard internship will involve ten hours per week and earn four credits. Only one internship may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Internship Office.

HIST 623 - Internship

A student may register for an internship with any member of the department. Off campus learning experiences must have explicit historical content. The student, the faculty sponsor, and the site supervisor will negotiate a learning agreement which specifies the student's goals, means of achieving them, and the manner in which the internship will be evaluated. A standard internship will involve ten hours per week and earn four credits. Only one internship may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Internship Office.

HIST 624 - Internship

A student may register for an internship with any member of the department. Off campus learning experiences must have explicit historical content. The student, the faculty sponsor, and the site supervisor will negotiate a learning agreement which specifies the student's goals, means of achieving them, and the manner in which the internship will be evaluated. A standard internship will involve ten hours per week and earn four credits. Only one internship may count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Internship Office.

HIST 631 - Preceptorship

Students may arrange to precept a course with a department member. They will normally be expected to attend the course, do the reading and participate in discussion, look over student writing, and provide guidance or tutor as necessary. Preceptorships do not count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Academic Programs.

HIST 632 - Preceptorship

Students may arrange to precept a course with a department member. They will normally be expected to attend the course, do the reading and participate in discussion, look over student writing, and provide guidance or tutor as necessary. Preceptorships do not count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Academic Programs.

HIST 633 - Preceptorship

Students may arrange to precept a course with a department member. They will normally be expected to attend the course, do the reading and participate in discussion, look over student writing, and provide guidance or tutor as necessary. Preceptorships do not count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Academic Programs.

HIST 634 - Preceptorship

Students may arrange to precept a course with a department member. They will normally be expected to attend the course, do the reading and participate in discussion, look over student writing, and provide guidance or tutor as necessary. Preceptorships do not count toward the ten courses required for a history major.

Frequency: Every semester.

Prerequisite(s)

Permission of instructor. Work with Academic Programs.