The history of artificial intelligence
dates as far
back as the mythologies of the Greek Gods. Hephaestus
makes Talos, which is a bronze giant, to
protect the beaches
of Crete. He
protects the beaches by throwing gigantic rocks
at invaders or by
heating himself (Talos) to a molten hot-red color and squeezing the
In the 5th century B.C.
Aristotle invented the first formal deductive reasoning system called
Jumping to the 13th century A.D., Ramon
Llull, who was a Spanish theologian, invented machine for solving
combinations. Later in that same
century, the invention of a clock was the first modern measuring
Early in the 17th century, Rene Descartes
states that the animal body is a mechanical entity. ( Descartes was
father of dualism; the idea that in the world there is matter and there
mind, and the two are distinct from each other.) Unfortunately at the
people thought that Descarte's ideas were far-fetched.
In 1642, a famous mathematician named Pascal invented
the first mechanical digital calculating machine.
The 18th century produced an
mechanical toys. In 1738, French
engineer Jacques Vaucanson built a mechanical duck that was strikingly
lifelike. This mechanical duck could
flap its' wings, walk, and even eat and digest food.
These behaviors, according to Vaucanson, were
"copied from Nature." The duck
was so life-like that people actually began to wonder if that was how