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  » Types of Intelligence

  » Intelligence, Heredity, and Environment
        History
        Evidence for Nature
        Evidence for Nurture
        Comments on Research
        Conclusion

  » Neuropsychological Testing
        Normal Intelligence
        Abnormal Examination             and Brain Trauma
        Personality

  » Spectroscopy Data

  » Disorders related to Intelligence

  »  Gender Differences
       Self-Estimated              Intelligence
       Anatomical Differences
       Gray vs. White Matter

  » Artificial Intelligence
        A Timeline of AI
        Ancient History of AI
        Modern History of AI
        The Future of AI

  » Age and Intelligence
        Areas of Function
        Effects of Lesions

  » References






Problems and Questions about the Future of AI



(http://www.deliasgone.com/vf/terminator%20robot.jpg)

 

I will consider the future of AI in two parts.  One is the physical limitations and one has to do with ethics.

The future of AI depends on the future of human intelligence.  What do I mean by this?  Well what I mean is that the advancement of AI depends on the current limitations of computational systems, available manufacturing processes, and human intellect.  In order to advance AI into a realm where we could consider it even close to human intelligence, there needs to be a whole lot of advancements in technology.

The future of AI also depends on ethics.  In the future, even if we do have the technology and capacity to created “super” AI or strong AI, would it be ethical to do so?  A crazy thought… What if the world was taken over by robots?  Now this is completely straight out of Hollywood, but needless to say, it is not impossible, just highly improbable. 

Let’s reflect on what has happened in the last few decades in regards to the advancement of AI.  We have been able to create machines that do specific industrial tasks, but these machines bare no form whatsoever of intelligence.  They perform a specialized task.  In the section called “Modern History” of Intelligence, I described two computer programs that could engage in a conversation.  Are they intelligent?  It turned out that the programs used simple techniques of word recognition and play-back.  This then, is not even close to any sort of weak Artificial Intelligence.

Will there ever be strong AI if we define strong AI as duplicating human intelligence?  This remains controversial.  Like I said before, it is possible but I think it is highly improbable.  I feel that knowing that my brain is the most complex thing in the entire universe is empowering.  In this regard, maybe my thoughts on the existence of strong AI in the future are biased. 

We do know this however.  Today, even after decades of research, reaching the intelligence of a flea still remains impossible.  There are just too many things that a living, breathing organism “brings to the table” so to say.  Besides, could we ever classify a computer to be intelligent?  When does AI become “intelligent”?  We all thought that when a computer system beat the worlds’ chess champion, that was intelligent.  We now can now look back at this “feat” and we say that there was no “intelligence” involved. 

These are all of the problems and questions of the future of Artificial Intelligence.

 

 

 

Articles involving the current or future applications of Artificial Intelligence programming:

Applying Support Vector Machines for Gene ontology based gene function prediction
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=517617

 Artificial neural network approach for selection of susceptible single nucleotide polymorphisms and construction of prediction model on childhood allergic asthma http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=518959

Coronavirus 3CLpro proteinase cleavage sites: Possible relevance to SARS virus pathology
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=442122

Control of a two-dimensional movement signal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=535103

A model of prenatal aquisition of speech parameters
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/pagerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&pageindex=1&artid=44423

Future programs at the National Library of Medicine.
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=406287

Prediction of Enzyme Binding: Human Thrombin Inhibition Study by Quantum Chemical and Artificial Intelligence Methods Based on X-ray Structures#                            
http://0-pubs.acs.org.clicnet4.clic.edu/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/jcisd8/2001/41/i05/abs/ci000162e.html

HAD: An Automated Database Tool for Analyzing Screening Hits in Drug Discovery http://0-pubs.acs.org.clicnet4.clic.edu/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/jcisd8/2003/43/i05/abs/ci034067s.html

 A Ballistic Model of Choice Response Time
 
http://lib.bioinfo.pl/pmid:15631590

The Demise of Short-Term Memory Revisited: Empirical and Computational Investigations of Recency Effects http://www.psyc.bbk.ac.uk/people/academic/usher_m/psychrev2005.pdf