Headlines from September 1952 through June 1956
Were you up on current events when you went to Macalester? Here are a few headlines from our college years to jog your memory.
- An artificial heart valve is installed in a human. (Sept.
- The American Biblical Encyclopedia Society published the Torah
in English for the first time. (Oct. 22)
- French troops open drive into the Viet Minh territory, it became
Viet Nam war.
- General Dwight Eisenhower won the Presidency by a landslide
and brought to a crashing end the twenty-year era of Democratic
political reign. (Nov. 5)
- Femininity triumphs in women’s wear as cinched waistlines,
molded bodices, and yards of wide skirts worn over stiff petticoats
are “in.” (Dec. 10)
- A heart-lung machine is developed. All time high: 55,000 are
stricken with polio.
- Albert Schweitzer, theologian, organist, philosopher and physician,
won the Nobel Peace Prize. We were challenged by his religious
ethic called “Reverence for Life”.
- Four-inch stiletto heels are introduced, much to the dismay
of floor manufacturers. (Jan. 2)
- The annual income of an average American family reaches $4,011.
- Soviet premier Joseph Stalin dies. Georgy Malenkov becomes Soviet
Premier. (Mar. 5)
- Prokofiev’s music made us marvel at Russian culture.
- DNA is discovered by Francis Crick and James Watson.
Department of Health, Education & Welfare is created. (Apr.
- The first IBM computer, the 701, is introduced. (May
Dag Hammarskjold was elected secretary general of the United Nations.
He gave us hope for the future. His book, “Markings”
was to become a desk fixture for us.
- Queen Elizabeth II is coronated. (June 2)
- The Rosenbergs are executed and quickened consciences on issue
of the death penalty.
- The Korean War ends and we worry about Russia. (July
- Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlevi returns to power in Iran. (Aug.
- Nikita Khrushchev is named first secretary of Soviet Communist
party’s Central Committee. (Sept. 13)
- A human aorta is repaired using animal tissue. (Oct.
- U.S. economic growth continues to soar, rising five percent
($368 billion) above 1952 levels. (Nov. 26)
- Skin cancer is produced in mice by painting their skins with
cigarette tar. (Dec. 8)
- Playwright Eugene O’Neill and Poet Dylan Thomas died.
- Winston Churchill won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- George Marshall won the Nobel Peace Prize for devising a peace
plan to revitalize war torn Europe (ethics of rebuilding after
- First atomic submarine Nautilus launched in Groton, Connecticut,
by Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower. (Jan. 21)
- Dr. Jonas Salk starts inoculating children against polio. (Feb.
- Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser is made premier of Egypt. (Feb.
- Soviet Union grants sovereignty to East Germany. (March
- Arturo Toscanini directs final concert, Wagner, ending a 68 year
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the
United States Air Force Academy in Colorado. (April
- U.S. Supreme Court (in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka)
unanimously bans racial segregation in public schools. (May
- The last regular-service streetcar operated by Twin City Rapid
Transit runs in Minneapolis. (June 19)
- In Memphis, Tennessee, WHBQ becomes the first radio station
to air an Elvis Presley record. (July 7)
- Volume 1, Issue 1 of Sports Illustrated is published. (Aug.
- The last new episode of the Lone Ranger is aired on radio after
2,956 episodes over a period of 21 years. (Sept.
- First Miss America Pageant broadcast on television. (Sept.
- USSR Tests Nuclear Weapon. (Sept. 14)
- The first in the Godzilla series of films is released in Japan.
- US President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial
(Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery. (Nov.
- Faulkner's A Fable wins Pulitzer. Hemingway wins Nobel Prize for
- BIG BANG theory is announced postulating the beginning of the universe.
- The French leave Indochina and the British leave the Suez Canal
- The Scrabble board game debuts. (Jan. 19)
- Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls. (Feb.
- First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
- Victory against polio. Salk’s vaccine works. (Apr.
- Albert Einstein dies. His knowledge of the German development
in atomic energy brought him to convince the U.S. to build an
Atom Bomb. He was a pacifist. (April)
- Roger Bannister becomes the first sub-four-minute miler at 3:58.
- Cold War: West Germany joins NATO. (May 9)
- Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries including the Soviet
Union sign a mutual-defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact. (May
- Disneyland opens in Anaheim, California. (July
- In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane
Diane claims 200 lives. (Aug. 19)
- Thomas Mann died, author of “Joseph In Egypt” and
“Magic Mountain”. He was known for his warnings concerning
- Israel and Egypt announce a cease-fire but terror continues.
- Argentina ousts Perón. (Sept. 19)
- Rosa Parks refuses to sit at the back of the bus. Martin Luther
King, Jr., leads black boycott of Montgomery, Ala., bus system.
- AFL and CIO become one organization-AFL-CIO. (Dec.
- General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make
sales of over one billion dollars in a year. (Dec.
- Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof wins Pulitzer.
- James Dean dies in auto crash. His films “East of Eden”
and “Rebel Without A Cause” will become classics and
the “rebel” theme is born.
- Brazilian soccer player Edson Arantes “Pele” do
Nacimento signs with Brazil’s Santos team to begin eighteen-year
career of 1,253 games in which he will score 1,216 goals. (Jan.20)
- John Foster Dulles declares “East and West are in a contest
in the field of development of underdeveloped countries.”
The nagging ethical issues do not resolve in the next 50 years.
- Soviet first secretary, Khrushchev, denounces former leader
Stalin as a dictator who misruled and committed many crimes. This
is a searching step in Soviet self analysis, and as we graduate,
we have some guarded new hope. (Feb. 25)
- Peter Ustinov’s play “Romanoff and Juliet”
opens at England’s Manchester Opera House. (Apr.
- Rocky Marciano retires as boxing’s only undefeated heavy
weight champion. (Apr. 27)
- Israel and Egypt agree on UN truce observation posts on Gaza
Strip. (May 24)
- Charles Dumas becomes the first person to high jump over 7 feet.
- The Environmental Movement has not gained traction. Those who
read John Muir and Sigurd F. Olson, awaited public concern. These
issues will affect our imaginations and the future.