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New Models of Publishing, Open Access, and Open Digital Archives
The Internet makes digital publishing possible in new and exciting ways. It is rapidly changing how information is produced, distributed, peer-reviewed, and constructively criticized. The changes affect how faculty conduct literature reviews or share scholarly findings, how students do research, and how information may be used for classroom teaching.
Faculty participate in the system of scholarly communication as authors, editors, readers and reviewers. They are stakeholders in the current system that is now undergoing widespread and systematic changes. These changes will affect how faculty members at Macalester publish their research findings.
Scholarly Communication Changes at Macalester
The Library at Macalester actively promotes a scholarly communication model that relies on harnessing the power of the Internet coupled with open access distribution of scholarly work. This web site, which is intended to help the community stay informed and to create change on a local level, is maintained by the Library with the cooperation of the Macalester Scholarly Publishing Committee. The site provides information on developments in the areas of:
- Author Rights and Copyright
- Digital Scholarship
- Open Access Journals
- Open Digital Archives
- Recommendations from scholarly societies
- Public Policy
As a scholarly community, we need to become aware of ... the changes
in scholarly publishing in order to make informed decisions about our
own scholarly publishing and to assist the institution in making decisions
about digital archiving, supporting faculty publishing in open-access
journals, and distributing finite resources for journal subscription
fees that are spiraling out of control.
[Future of Scholarly Publishing; announcement to Dept. Chairs, May 2007]
Learning About Scholarly Communication
Interested in learning more about issues in scholarly communication? The following three resources are excellent starting points.
SPARC, or Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an alliance of universities, research libraries and organizations. It was created as a constructive response to market dysfunctions in the scholarly communication area. These dysfunctions have reduced dissemination of scholarship and crippled libraries. SPARC serves as a catalyst for action, helping to create systems that expand information dissemination and use in a networked digital environment while responding to the needs of academe.
"Shouldn't the way we share research be as advanced as the Internet?" Create Change is an educational initiative that examines new opportunities in scholarly communication, advocates changes that recognize the potential of the networked digital environment, and encourages active participation by scholars and researchers to guide the course of change.
University of California's Office of Scholarly Communication.
The Macalester Scholarly Publishing CommitteeThe Macalester Scholary Publishing Committee was formed in the Spring of 2007, thereby replacing the Scholarly Publishing Taskforce, which had been formed in 2006. The members of the initial taskforce were Jim Dawes, Martin Gunderson, Khaldoun Samman, Eric Wiertelak, Jan Serie, Dave Collins, Angi Faiks, and Terri Fishel.
The mission of the initial taskforce was "to increase awareness and understanding among faculty and students regarding their stake in this changing landscape and their potential roles in transforming its future. The issues are critical as they not only impact the collections we provide to support the curriculum and faculty and student research, but they also affect the publishing opportunities for our faculty and students." [Mission]
The Macalester Scholarly Publishing Committee include the following members:
Faculty Members on the Committee
- Sarah Boyer, Biology
- Martin Gunderson, Philosophy
- Tonnis ter Veldhuis, Physics
- Eric Wiertelak, Psychology
Staff Members on the Committee
- Dave Collins, Associate Director, Public Services
- Angi Faiks, Associate Director, Collection Management
- Terri Fishel, Library Director
- Brian Longley, Director of Media Services
- Johan Oberg, Digital Scholarship and Services Librarian
Digital Initiatives at Macalester
Digital Commons @ Macalester
Part of Berkeley Press's digital archive system (works.bepress.com), this is Macalester's institutional repository, which:
- Brings Macalester faculty publications together in one place.
- Increases institutional visibility to colleagues, prospective students, and alumni.
- Connects citations of Macalester faculty publications to actual publications.
- Increases Macalester visibility as well as improve outside access to Macalester publications. For example, Himalaya, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies, has gained a substantial exposure via Macalester's open access system. At over 104,000 downloads, it is the most frequently accessed journal in Digital Commons (as of October. 2012).
- Allows the listings to be indexed by Google/Google Scholar and the Web of Science (ISI). As of February, 2008, over 9,600 references appear in Google Scholar when searching for "Macalester".
- Enables faculty to provide URLs to works without mailing copies or attachments.
- Support electronic publishing, scholarly communication, and creative expression.
A collection of digital images that reflect the observations of the Macalester community engaged in study or work around the globe.
An online digital archive containing collections from the eight institutions that are members of the Cooperating Libraries in Consortium (CLIC). The archive contains images, video, and sound recordings. Content is added at the discretation of each institution. Access to the content vary: some content is publicly available while other content may be limited to the contributing institution only. Please see institutional pages to determine use requirements.
For background information on these projects, please see the DeWitt Wallace Library's Digital Collections Master Plan.
Director Terri Fishel's Scholarly Communication Blog
Listservs and Scholarly Communication
Interested in staying on top of scholarly communication issues? Below are a few listservs you may want to check out.