Wind Energy - Visual Impacts and Public Perceptions
Forward Wind back
Figure 1: Forward Wind, after construction
In 2004, Forward Wind LLC, a division of Invenergy Wind LLC, filed an application with the Wisconsin Public Service Commission (PSC) for the authority to construct a 133 turbine, 200 MW wind turbine facility. The Forward Project would be the largest project in the state. The turbines are General Electric 1.5 MW turbines, with a ground-to-rotor tip height of nearly 400 feet. The proposed area is on a slight ridge and the land use is over 95% agricultural. The project area was chosen for its good wind resource, transmission availability, and perceived community acceptance.
Significant public opposition to the project developed in late 2004. Invenergy released the final environmental impact statement for the project in June 2005. The PSC approved the project in July, and opponents appealed the decision. The project was delayed for over a year as the appeal went through the courts. Invenergy would have been able to begin construction at this time, but the Federal Aviation Administration put a temporary moratorium on large wind farms while it conducted a study on impacts on military radar systems. The PSC’s decision was affirmed in 2007, and construction began in late 2007. The first phase of the project (86 turbines) went online in April 2008.
"Wind Farm - Forward Energy." <http://flickr.com/photos/great_goblin/2320300840/in/set-72157603749173811/> December 4, 2007. (Accessed July 30, 2008).
Last updated January 2012.
This work by Roopali Phadke is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.