CDM- How Clean Is The Clean Development Mechanism?
is now an accepted fact world over that our climate is changing. Green
house gases are released into the air from all daily activities from
all around the world. Since the industrial revolution the anthropogenic
sources of various green house gases has greatly increased. The
atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide and methane are considerably
higher than any other time in the last 650,000 years. And approximately
three quarters of the increase of carbon dioxide in particular, is from
human activity over the last 20 years. During the last two decades the
world has grown increasingly concerned with the possibly catastrophic
results global warming could have on the climate.
To deal with this situation, the Framework Convention on Climate
Change (FCCC) was developed in 1992 to work on a new global framework.
In the same year an earth summit was held in Rio De Janeiro, where the
leading countries shared concern over the changing climate and
confirmed results of climate change; they agreed upon the definite
movement in agricultural zones, melting of polar ice caps and rising
sea levels. A result of all these actions was the Kyoto Protocol;
adopted by the FCCC in 1997 which presented a timetable for reducing
the carbon footprint of industrialized countries. It was a protocol
that was developed to help save our planet, which instead became one of
the most debated international controversies of our time.
the Kyoto Protocol (KP) calls for a large percentage of carbon
emission cuts from countries responsible for excessive pollution of the
atmosphere; these countries are referred to as the Annex 1 party,
developed or industrialized countries. Since their main members consist
of the United States of America, Russia, Canada and the United Kingdom,
they are also called the North. To make this transition easier for the
North, KP also puts a certain flexibility mechanism- the Clean
Development Mechanism (CDM). This mechanism set the grounds for
carbon trading, the trading agreement which is the root of all major
problems in the KP. It is potentially disastrous for the developing
countries (or the South) economies in the future; but this looming
disaster is hidden behind the tempting immediate development it
 for this website I will mainly be concenrtrating on the respective
contributions and reactions to the Kyoto protocol of the United Sates (
representing the north) and India (representing the South).
Citizens demanding action.
The Kyoto Protocol Meeting