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Environmental Studies

rBGH and the mis(Use) of Science

Introduction and Theory
What is rBGH?
Actors Motivations

The Portrayal of Human Health Science

The Portrayal of Animal Health Science

Where Are Our Values?
The Future of the Debate
References & Links

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rBGH and the (mis)Use of Science

Refrences & Links

Works Cited

Barbano DM, Lynch JM, Bauman DE, Hartnell GF, Hintz RL, Nemeth MA. (1992). Effect of prolonged-release formulation of n-methionyl bovine somatotropin (sometribove) on milk composition. J Dairy Sci 75, 1775.

Bedford, C. (2000). rBGH reconsidered. Animal Welfare Institute Quarterly 49 (3).

Chan JM, Stampfer MJ, Giovannucci E, Gann PH, Ma J, Wilkinson P, et al. (1998) Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I and prostate cancer risk: a prospective study. Science 279, 563-566.

Cohen, R. (2000). FDA regulation meant to promote rBGH milk resulted in antibiotic resistance. Accessed May 01, 2008 at

Cummins, R. (2000). Crack for cows: rBGH and human health. In McCuen, M. (ed.). Redesigning creation: Debating the biotech revolution. Hudson, Wisconsin: Gary McCuen Publications, 124-131.

Eaton, M. (2004). Ethics and the business of bioscience. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Elias, Paul (Feb. 14, 2004). Monsanto rationing cow growth hormone. Oakland Tribune. Accessed May 01, 2008 at 40214/ai_n14567131

Epstein, S. (1990). Potential public health hazards of biosynthetic milk hormones. International Journal of Health Services, 20, 73-84,

Epstein, S. (1996). Unlabeled milk from cows treated with biosynthetic growth hormones: A case of regulatory abdication. International Journal of Health Services 26(1), 173-185.

Federal Drug Administration (2000). Response to Robert Mr. Cohen Citizen Petition. Accessed May 01, 2008 at

Fey, P., Safranek, T., Rupp, M., Dunne, E., Ribot, E., Iwen, P., Bradford, P., Angulo, F. & Hinrichs, S. (2000)..Ceftriaxone-resistant salmonella infection acquired by a child from cattle. New England Journal of Medicine 342, 1242-1249

Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Michaud DS, Deroo B, et al. (1998). Circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I and risk of breast cancer. Lancet 351, 1393-1396.

Lynch JM, Barbano DM, Bauman DE, Hartnell GF, Nemeth MA (1992). Effect of prolonged-release formulation of n-methionyl bovine somatotropin (sometribove) on milk fat. J Dairy Sci 75, 1794.

Monsanto (2008). General Information about POSILAC. Accessed May 01, 2008 at

PR Newswire (April 02, 2008). Monsanto delivers record second-quarter results on strong growth of U.S. and international corn businesses, growing demand for roundup. bNet. Accessed May 01, 2008 at l_2/ai_n25122534

Sarewitz, D. (2004). How science makes environmental controversies worse. Environmental Science and Policy 7, 385-403.

Van den Berg, G. (1989). Milk from bST-treated cows: its quality and suitability for processing. In Sejrsen K, Vestergaard M, Neiman-Sorensen A (eds): Use of Somatotropin in Livestock Production. London and New York: Elsevier Applied Science, 178-191.

Yu, H., Spitz,M. Mistry, J., Gu, J., Hong, W. & Wu, X. (1999). Plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor-I and lung cancer risk: a case-control analysis. J. Natl. Cancer Institute 91, 151-156.


4. POSILAC Label,
6. POSILAC Label,
11, 12. POSILAC Label,

Videos: All videos functional as of May 09, 2008


For Additional Information

Food and Drug Administration:  Enter rBGH into their search engine for research.

Monsanto: The producer of POSILAC

Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility: An organization concerned with the human health hazards of rBGH, claiming expertise through medicine.

Organic Consumers Association: Interested in fair organic trade, sustainability and healthy food choices.

The Center for Food Safety: A citizen organization concerned about the human health effects of rBGH.

The Cancer Prevention Coalition: A citizen organization concerned about IGF-1 and its possible impact on cancer occurrences.

The NOTMILK HOMEPAGE!: An activist website, by Robert Cohen, keenly concerned with rBGH, but also the dairy industry and milk in general.

Sustainable Table: An organization concerned with healthy, sustainable foods for a healthy lifestyle.


monsanto logo

injection sites



ranging cows

Last updated:  5/9/2008


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