academic environmental studies   macalester college
Environmental Studies

BPA - Controversy Study

Current Issues


References & Links

Comments & questions to:

BPA - Controversy Study


       This site is dedicated to examining the controversy surrounding the chemical compound Bisphenol A (BPA). BPA is an industrial chemical that has been present in many hard plastic bottles and metal-based food and beverage cans since the 1960s (FDA). More specifically BPA is an endocrine disruptor, which can mimic the body’s hormones, and can potentially cause adverse health effects.

       Recent studies show that exposure to BPA may be harmful at levels well below the currently accepted as safe. These in recent years dozens of these studies have linked BPA to a myriad of health effects in rodents: mammary and prostate cancer, genital defects in males, early onset of puberty in females, obesity, and even behavior problems such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

       Earlier this year both the FDA and EPA revised their position on BPA. Due to rising public and scientific concern, the National Toxicology Program at the National Institute of Health and the FDA’s National Center for Toxicological Research are conducting new in-depth studies to address concerns of the potential effects of BPA on the brain, infants and young children. The EPA plans to add BPA to is list of chemicals of concern due to potential adverse impacts of the environment and human and animal health.


Figure 1: Nalgene bottles containing BPA (source)


Macalester College 1600 Grand Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105  USA  651-696-6000
Comments and questions to