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Environmental Studies



Weighing the Benefits and Risks of Raw Milk

   What are the Benefits?
   What are the Risks?
   Reframing the issue

Local Economies, Small Farms, Consumer Choice

Who is doing the Research and who gets to decide?


References & Links

Comments & questions to:


In Support of Raw Milk and Raw Milk Cheese

American Cheese Society

Campaign for Real Milk

The Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund

Oldways Preservation Trust/Choice of Cheese Coalition

Raw Milk Cheesemakers' Association

The Weston A. Price Foundation

Opponents of Raw Milk and Raw Milk Cheese

Food and Drug Administration

Centers for Disease Control

National Cheese Institute

National Milk Producers Federation

Other Interesting Links

"Dairy Industry Pushing Hard to Outlaw Raw Milk"

"Raw Milk Cheese Makers Look To FDA For Understanding"

"Raw Milk Cheese: Risky Food?"

FDA compliance procedures for HACCP

New York Times: Should this milk be legal?

Wendell Berry: "The Idea of a Local Economy"

Raw milk cheese


American Cheese Society.

Berry, Wendell.  "The Idea of a Local Economy." Orion Magazine. Winter, 2001.

CDC. “Raw Milk and Cheeses: Health Risks are Still Black and White.“ accessed 18 Apr 2010 at: <>

Cimons, Marlene. (2001.) “Food Safety Concerns Drive FDA Review of Fine Cheeses.” American Society for Microbiology.  <>

DeWeerdt, Sarah.  "Is Local Food Better?" Worldwatch institute.  <>

Drape, Joe. (2007)  “Should this milk be legal?” The New York Times. August 8.

Food and Drug Administration. (2009.) “The Dangers of Raw Milk: Unpasteurized Milk Can Pose a Serious Health Risk.” accessed online 18 April 2010 at: <>

Food and Drug Administration. (2008.)  “NCIMS Dairy HACCP - Questions and Answers”
Accessed online 19 April 2010 at <>

Hoffman, Eric.  "Barriers to Local Food Marketing: A survey of National Family Farm Coalition Members." National Family Farm Coalition. July 2009.  Accessed online 9 Mar 2010 at

Katz, Sandor Ellix. (2003.) Chelsea Green Publishers.

Kenner, Robert. (2009).  Food Inc. Los Angeles, CA: Magnolia Home Entertainment. Film.

Kindstedt, Paul. (2005)  American Farmstead Cheese. White River Junction: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Kummer, Corby. (2008.)  “Craftsman Cheese.” Atlantic Monthly

Lipinski, Lori. (2003.) “Milk:  it does a body good?” <>

Nestle, Marion.  (2003.) Safe Food.: Bacteria, Biotechnology and Bioterrorism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Nestle, Marion. (2002.) Food Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Paxson, Heather. (2008.) “Post-Pasteurian Cultures: The micobiopolitics of Raw-Milk Cheese in the United States.” Cultural Anthropology.  Vol 23 Issue 1,  pp 15-47. 

Raw Milk Cheesemakers Association.  Accessed online 5 April 2010 at

Starmer, Elanor and Marie Kulick.  "Bridging the GAP: Strategies to Improve Produce Safety, Preserve Farm Diversity and Strengthen Local Food Systems." Food and Water Watch and Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. September, 2009.

MicrobeWorld.  (2009.) “Cheese and Microbes.” Vermont Institute for Artisan Cheeses.  <>

Wekerle, Gerda R. "Food Justice Movements: Policy, Planning, and Networks." Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2004. Vol 23, No 278.

Last updated:  5/06/10


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