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Overview of Great Lakes Wastewater Management
The Great Lakes Watershed
History of U.S. Wastewater Management
Risks and Problems
Milwaukee, WI
Chicago, IL
Detroit, MI
Citizen Groups
Rehabilitation and Action Plan

for the Great Lakes. Accessed April, 2006.

Burian, Stephen J.; Stephen J. Nix; Robert E. Pitt; and S. Rocky Durrans. (2000). “Urban Wastewater management in the United States: Past, Present, and Future.” Journal of Urban Technology.  Volume 7. 33-62.

Cain, Louis P. (1972). “Raising and Watering a City: Ellis Sylverster Chesbrough and Chicago’s First Sanitation System.” Technology and Culture. Volume 13. 353-372.

CEA - Citizens Environment Alliance - "A Citizens Guide to the Detroit River Remedial Action Plan." Spring, 1991. Accessed May, 2006.

Detroit River Atlas. “What is Water Quality?” Accessed April 14, 2006. 

Detroit Water Quality Report, 2004. Detroit Water and Sewerage Department. Accessed April 14, 2006.

Dorfman, Mark. Swimming in Sewage: The Growing Problem of Sewage Pollution and How the Bush Administration is Putting Our Health and Environment at Risk. National Resources Defense Council and Environmental Integrity Project. February, 2004.

DWSD (Detroit Water and Sewerage Department). Accessed April 14, 2006.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). “Sanitary Sewer Overflows: Frequently Asked Questions.” Accessed April 26, 2006.

EIP (Environmental Integrity Project). (May 17, 2005). “Report: More Than Half of Cities, Towns in Great Lakes Region Violating Clean Water Act Rules on Sewer Overflows.”  Accessed April16, 2006.

FMR 1 (Friends of the Milwaukee River). “Congress Tells EPA to Dump Proposed Sewage Dumping Policy.” May 24, 2005. Accessed April 16, 2006.   

Gulezian, Gary. “The Great Lakes Regional Watershed.” Accessed April 14, 2006.

“Hornsby Bend Biosolids Management Plant.” Informational flyer produced by the Austin Water Utility. Received February 9, 2006.

IDNR (Illinois Department of Natural Resources). “Chicago Water Management.” Accessed April 16, 2006.

Meyland, Sarah J. Monitoring and Assessing the Environmental and Health Risks of Separate Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSOs). Accessed April 26, 2006.

MMSD (Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District). Accessed April 14, 2006. 

MWRDGC Facilities (Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago). “District Facilities.” Accessed April 16, 2006.

MWRDGC PS Activity (Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago). “Pumping Station Activity.” Accessed April 16, 2005.

Rohde, Marie. “Deep Tunnels Awash in Troubles.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. February 5, 2000.

Rohde, Marie and Steve Schultze. “Yeast Company Sues MMSD.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. October 25, 2001.  

TARP (Tunnel and Reservoir Plan). Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago. Accessed April 16, 2006.

Tarr, Joel A. (1984). “Water and Wastes: A Retrospective Assessment of Wastewater Technology in the United States, 1800-1932.” Technology and Culture. Volume 25, No. 2. 226-263.

Whitman, David. "The Sickening Sewer Crisis: Aging Systems Across the Country are Causing Nasty—and Costly —Problems." U.S. News & World Report (June 12, 2000): 16–18.

WI-DNR (Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources). “Cryptosporidium: A Risk to Our Drinking Water.” Accessed April 14, 2006.

Wikipedia. “Chicago” and “Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal.” Accessed April 16, 2006.

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