Psychosocial References

Hampshire, Susan. Susan's Story New York: St Martins Press, 1982 Susan's Story, an autobiographical account of my struggle with dyslexia by 1982. Susan Hampshire is known to American audiences through her roles in several successful BBC series: she played Fleur in the Forsyte Saga, Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, in the First Churchills, and Becky Sharp in Vanity Fair, winning Emmy Awards for all three roles. Her story helps people without dyslexia to understand the trials and tribulations that someone with dyslexia faces. For someone with dyslexia her story can be inspiring and provide a sense that they are not alone in their struggles.

Huston, M.D., Anne Marshall. Common Sense about Dyslexia. Lanham: Madison Book Press, 1987 A straight forward, easy to read book that provides an overview of the dyslexia. Illustrations help to understand the function of the brain and its role in dyslexia.

Levinson, M.D., Harold N.A Scientific Watergate, How and Why Countless Millions Are Deprived of Breakthrough Medical Treatment. New York: Stonebridge Publishing, 1994. Dr. Levinson demonstrates and analyses the ignorance, bias and denial characterizing the conventional concepts of dyslexia. Used in this web site to demonstrate dyslexia writing and pictures. He also wrote A Solution to the Riddle Dyslexia, 1994.

McGuinness, Diane. When Children Don't Learn, Understanding the Biology and Psychology of Learning Disabilities. New York: Basic Book Inc, 1985. An indepth look at learning disabilities that integrates the biological and psychological aspects that contribute to the problem. The author provides thought provoking evidence that part of the problem that has contributed to the rising numbers of children with learning disabilities is the nature in which children are taught.

Osman, Betty B. Learning Disabilities: A Family Affair. 1979 The author discusses and emphasis' the important role the family unit play in dealing and coping with LD.

Osman, Betty B. No One to Play With, the Social Side of Learning Disabilities. 1982. This book focuses on the psychosocial aspect of living with a learning disability. She provides suggestion for parents on how they can help their LD child feel good about themselves and how they can better cope with their LD in society. Smith, Corrine Roth and Lisa Strick.

Smith, P.H.D, Corrine Roth and Strick, Lisa. Learning Disabilities A to Z, A Parents Complete Guide to Learning Disabilities from Preschool to Adulthood. 1997. As the title suggests the book covers every thing from soup to nuts in regard to LD. It is wonderfully written and is truly a must for someone who is or has a child who is dyslexia. The authors provide many excellent resources that are current. Important information is often separate from the main text making it easy to read. Highly recommended!


Last One Picked...First One Picked On. Learning Disabilities and Social Skills with Richard Lavoie. PBS Home Video. An excellent video for parents, educators, or anyone that has contact with a child with LD. He discusses several situations and how they can be best dealt with when children have LD.

Look What You've Done! Stories of Hope and Resilience presented by Dr. Robert Brooks. PBS Home Video. A good video to help parents promote their child's self-esteem.

Heath Resource Center - National clearinghouse for post-secondary education for persons with disabilties.

  • E-mail: heath@ace.nche.edu
  • Call: 202-939-9320
  • Fax: 202-833-4760
  • Write: Heath Resource Center 1 Dupont Circle NW, Suite 800 Washington, D.C. 20036-1193

Learning Disabilities

Barkley, R. Hyperactive Children: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Guilford Press, 1981.

Dejoznka, EL. Educational Administration Glossary. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1983

Good, CV. Dictionary of Education. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1973.

Houston, J. ERIC Thesaurus. Phoenix: ORYX Press, 1990

Lowry, CM. Teaching Adults with Learning Disabilities. Columbus: ERIC Digest #99, 1990

Reynolds, C and L Mann. Encyclopedia of Special Education-Volume 2. New York: Wiley and Sons, 1987.

Walker, A, Jr. Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms-Seventh Ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Assoc, 1994

Biological References

Bisgaard; ML, Eiberg, H, et al. "Dyslexia and Chromosome 15 heteromorphism: Negative LOD score in a Danish Material." Clin. Genet 1987; vol 32, pp. 118-119.

Borsting, Eric et al. "The Presence of a Magnocellular Defect Depends on the Type of Dyslexia," Vision Res Jul 1995; vol 36, no 7, pp. 1047-1053. Borsting's studies examine the magnocellular pathway in different types of adult dyslexia. The results suggest that certain types of dyslexia have an increased risk of finding a defect in the magnocellular pathway.

DeFries, JC and M Alarcon. "Genetics of Specific Reading Disability," Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities 1996; Vol 2, pp. 39-47.

DeFries, JC. and JJ Gillis. "Genetics of Reading Disability." R Plomin and GE McClearn, ed. Nature, Nurture, and Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Assoc. pp.121-146, 1993.

DeFries, J.C.; Olson, R.K. et al. "The Reading Brain: The Biological Basis of Dyslexia," in Colorado Reading Project: An Update. D.D. Duane and D.B. Gray (Eds). Parkton: York Press, 1991.

Froster, U, Schulte-Korne, G, et al. "Cosegregation of Balanced Translocation (1;2) with Retarded Speech Development and Dyslexia," Lancet 1993; Vol 342, pp. 178-179.

Gayan, J, Olson, RK, Cardon, LR, et al. "Quantitative Trait Locus for Different Measures of Reading Disability," Behav. Genet. 1995; Vol 25, pp. 266.

Greatrex, J.C. et al. "The magnocellular deficit hypothesis in dyslexia: a review of reported evidence," Ophthal.Physiol.Opt. May 1995; Vol15, No. 5. pp. 501-506. This article gives a summary of the recent research on the role of the magnocellular pathway in dyslexia. It gives a general hypothesis, histological and psychophysical evidence, and possible areas of future research.

Geschwind, D. et al. "Lefthandedness. Association with Immune Disease Migraine and Developmenting Learning Disorder," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 1982;vol 79, pp5097-5100. Suggests dyslexia and left-handedness to the disorder of the left hemisphere.

Griffiths, A. An Introduction to Genetic Analysis. New York: WH Freeman and Co, 1996.

Hynd, GW et al. "Dyslexia and Corpus Collosum," Arch. Neurol. Jan 1995; 52 (1): pp32-38. Suggests that the morphology of the corpus collosum may be implicated in dyslexia; discusses recent MRI findings

Michel, Francois et al. "Two Different Readers in the Same Brain After a Posterior Callosal Lesion," Cognitive Neuroscience. Feb 1996; Vol 7, No 3. pp.786-788. This article studies the effects of a posterior lesion of the corpus collosum on the reading abilities of a patient

Njiokitjien, C. "Dyslexia: a Neuroscientific Puzzle," Acta Paedopsychiatrica. Oct. 1993; Vol 56, pp 157-167.This article is about brain dysfunctions and the genetic aspects of dyslexia.

Njiokiktjien, et al. "Callosal Size in Children with Learning Disabilities," Behavioral Brain Research. Apr 1994; Vol 64, pp 213-218. This article studies recent MRI findings and familial cases to determine the effects of collosum size on dyslexia. The study suggests that total callosal size, supposedly linked to interhemispheric function, may contribute to the pathophysiological mechanisms that give rise to learning disabilities.

Olson, RK, Forseberg, H, et al. "Genes, Environment, and the Development of Orthographic Skills." The Varieties of Orthographic Knowledge. VW Berninger, ed. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 27-71, 1995.

Olson, RK, Wise, B, et al. "Specific Deficits in Component Reading and Language Skills: Genetic and Environmental Influences." Journal of Learning Disabilities. 1989; Vol 22, No 6, pp 339-348.

Plomin, R and GE McClearn. "Nature, Nurture, and Psychology." Washington, DC: American Psychological Assoc. 1993; pp.121-146.

Rabin, M, Feldman, E, et al "Suggestive Linkage of Developmental Dyslexia to Chromosome 1p34-p36." Lancet 1993; Vol 342, pp. 178.

Smith, SD. Genetics and Learning Disabilities. San Diego: College-Hill Press, 1986.

Stein, John et al. "To See But Not to Read; the Magnocellular Theory of Dyslexia," Trends in Neuroscience 1997; vol 2, pp. 147-152. Stein et al study the contribution of the magnocellular pathway to dyslexia. They suggest that dyslexics have an overall fast-processing deficit and suggest further research on auditory fast-processing.

Tallal, Paula et al. "Language Comprehension in language-learning impaired children," American Association for the Advancement of Science Jan 1996; vol 271, no. 5245, pg. 8. Tallal uses fast-processes auditory tests to examine auditory deficits in reading-impaired children. She suggests an overall fast-processing sensory deficit that would include defects of the magnocellular pathway.

Travis, John et al. "Let the Games Begin:," Science News Feb 1996; vol. 149, No. 7, Pg. 104. Travis reports on Tallal's research and makes similar suggestions about an overall fast-processing sensory deficit.

Neurochemical References

Elmer-DeWitt, P. "Why Junior CanŐt Sit Still." Time Nov. 26, 1990; 59.

Gross-Glenn, K, Duara, R, Barker, W, et al. "Positron Emission Tomographic Studies during Serial Word-reading by Normal and Dyslexic Adults." J of Clin. Experimental Neurophysiology.

Petersen, SE, Fox, PT, et al. "Positron Emission Tomographic Studies of the Cortical Anatomy of Sing;e-word Processing." Nature 1988; Vol 331, pp. 585-589.

Roush, W. "Arguing Over Why Johnny CanŐt Read." Science 1995; Vol 267, pp. 1896-1898.

Shaywitz, BA, Shaywitz, SE, Liberman, IY, et al. "Neurolinguistic and Biologic Mechanisms in Dyslexia." The Reading Brain: The Biological Basis of Dyslexia," DD Duane and DB Gray, Ed. Parkton: York Press, pp. 27-52, 1991.

Tallal, P. "Auditory Temporal Perception Phonics and Reading Disabilities in Children." Brain and Language 1980; Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 182-198.

Zametkin, A, Mordahl, TE, et al. "Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Adults with Hyperactivity of Childhood Onset." New Eng J of Med 1900; Vol. 323, No. 2, pp. 1361-1366.

Neurophysiology References

Besner, D. "Deep Dyslexia and Right Hemeisphere Hypothesis." Can J Psychol 1983; Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 565-571.

Carlson, NR. Physiology of Behavior, Sixth ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998.

Cohen, J. "Cerebral Evoked Responses in Dyslexic Children." Prog Brain Res 1980; Vol. 54, pp. 502-506.

Duane, DD and DB Gray. The Reading Brain: The Biological Basis of Dyslexia. Parkton: York Press, 1991.

Duara, R, Gross-Glenn, K, et al. "PET Studies during Reading in Dyslexics and Controls." Neurology 1989; Vol. 39, Supp. 1, pp. 165.

Eden, GF, et al. "Abnormal Processing of Visual Motion in Dyslexia Revealed by Functional Brain Imaging." Nature 1996; Vol. 382, pp. 66-69.

Filipek, PA and DN Kennedy. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Its Role in the Developmental Disorders." The Reading Brain: The Biological Basis of Dyslexia. DD Duane and DB Gray, Ed. Parkton: York Press, pp. 133-160, 1991.

Frith, C and U. "A Biological Marker for Dyslexia." Nature 1996; Vol. 382, pp. 19-20.

Galaburda, A. Untitled article. LDA Newsbriefs, B McElgunn, ed. 1996; Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 3-4.

Galaburda, AM. "Anatomy of Dyslexia." The Reading Brain: The Biological Basis of Dyslexia, DD Duane and DB Gray, ed. Parkton: York Press, pp.119-131, 1991.

Galaburda, AM. "The Pathogenesis of Childhood Dyslexia." Language, Communication and the Brain, F Plum, ed. New York: Raven Press, 1988.

Galaburda, AM. "Anatomical Asymmetries." Cerebral Dominance, N Geschwind and AM Galaburda, ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Galaburda, AM, Sherman, GF, et al. "Developmental Dyslexia: Four Consecutive Patients with Cortical Anomalies." Annals of Neurology 1985; Vol. 18, pp. 222-233.

Geschwind, N and PO Behan. "Left-handedness: Association with Immune Disease, Migraine, and Developmental Learning Disorder." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci 1987; Vol. 79, pp. 5097-5100.

Geschwind, N and AM Galaburda. Cerebral Lateralization. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1987.

Geschwind, N and W Levitsky. "Human Brain: Left-right Asymmetries in Temporal Speech Region." Science 1968; Vol. 161, pp. 186-187.

Gross, K and S Rothenberg. "An Examination of Methods Used to Test the Visual Perceptual Deficit Hypothesis of Dyslexia." J of Learning Disabilities 1979; Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 670-677.

Gross-Glenn, K, Duara, R, Kushch, et al. "MRI and Visual Psychophysical Studies of Inherited Dyslexia." Society for Neurosci Abstracts 1989; Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 482.

Gross-Glenn, K, Duara, R, Yoshii, F, et al. "PET Scan Studies during Reading in Dyslexia and Non-dyslexic Adults." Society for Neurosci Abstracts 1986; Vol 12, part2, pp. 1364.

Gross-Glenn, K, Jallad, B, et al. "Nonsense Passage Reading as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Familial Dyslexia in Adults." Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary J 1990; Vol. 2, pp. 149-161.

Hier, DB, LeMay, M, et al. "Developmental Dyslexia: Evidence for a Subgroup with Reversed Cerebral Asymmetry." Archives of Neurology 1978; Vol. 25, pp. 218-222.

Hussey, ES. "Relationship between Ocular Functions and Reading Achievment." Journal of Pediatr Opthalmol Strabismus 1991; Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 362.

Hynd, GW, Semrud-Clikeman, M, et al. "Brain Morphology in Developmental Dyslexia and Attention Deficit Disorder/Hyperactivity." Archives of Neurology.

Livingstone, MS, et al. "Physiological and Anatomical Evidence for a Magnocellular Defect in Developmental Dyslexia." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci 1991; Vol. 88, pp. 7943-7947.

Livingstone, M and D Hubel. "Psychophysical Evidence for Separaete Channels for the Perception of Form, Color, Movement, and Depth." Journal of Neuroscience 1987; Vol. 7, No. 11, pp. 3416-3468.

Mattson, J and M Simon. Pioneers of NMR and Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Jericho: Dean Books Co, 1996.

McCroskey, R and H Kidder. "Auditory Fusion Among Learning Disabled, Reading Disabled, and Normal Children." Journal of Learning Disabilities 1980; Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 18-25.

Paulesu, E, et al. "Is Developmental Dyslexia a Disconnection Syndrome-Evidence from PET Scanning." Brain 1996; Vol. 119, pp. 143-157.

Rosen, GD, Sherman, GF, Galaburda, AM. "Interhemispheric Connections differ between Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Brain Regions." Neuroscience.

Rumsey, JM. "Brain Imaging of Reading Disorders." Journal of American Acad Child Adol Psychiat 1980; Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 12.

Sawyer, DJ. "Brain in Language and Reading." Folia Phoniatr 1987; Vol. 39, No.1, pp. 38-50.

Wolff, PH. "Impaired Temporal Resolution in Developmental Dyslexia." Ann NY Acad Sci 1993; Vol. 682, pp. 87-103.

Zeki, S. A Vision of the Brain. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific, 1993.

Zeki, S. and S. Shipp . "Functional Logic of Cortical Connections." Nature 1988; Vol. 335, pp. 311-317.

References for Types of Dyslexia

Pizozzado, Wittrock. "Neuropsychology and Cognitive Processes," Perspectives in Neurolinguistics and psycholinguistics.

Critchley, Macdonald. "Dyslexia Defined."

References for History of Dyslexia

Snowling Barbara "Dyslexia: A cognitive developmental disorder," Discusseexia, cognitive disorders, and cognitive disorders in children.