Bear M.F., Bidirectional synaptic plasticity: from theory to reality. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2003 Apr 29;358(1432):649-55. Review.

Bliss T.V., Lomo T. (1973) Long-lasting potentiation of synaptic transmission in the dentate area of the anaesthetized rabbit following stimulation of the perforant path. Journal of Physiology July 1973 232(2); 331-56.

Bloom, F., Nelson, C., Lazerson, A. (2001). Brain, Mind and Behavior.3rd edition. Worth Publishers, USA. p.p. 308-312.

Cain, C.K., Barad, M. (2001) Fear Extinction is more effective with massed than disturbed exposures to conditional stimuli and is modulated by b-adrenergic transmission. Submitted.

Carlson, N.R. (2001). Physiology of Behavior. 7th edition. Allyn and Bacon. Boston. p.p. 474-493.

Chen, Q.S., Wei, W.Z., Shimahara, T., Xie, C.W. (2002) Amyloid beta-peptide inhibits the late-phase LTP through a calcineurin-dependent mechanism in the rat dentate gyrus. Neurobiology Learning and Memory. 77: 354-371.

Hensbroek, R.A., Kamal, A., Baars, A.M., Verhage, M., Spruijt, B.M. (2003). Spatial, contextual and working memory are not affected by the absence of mossy fiber long-term potentiation and depression. Behavioral Brain Research 138; 215-223.

Hill, A.J., Best, P.J., (1981). Effects of deafness and blindness on the spatial correlates of hippocampal unit activity in the rat. Experimental Neurology, 74; 204-217.

Kandel, E., Schwartz, J., Jessell, T.(2000) Principles of Neural Science. 4th edition. McGraw-Hill. New York City. pp. 1260-5.

Korz, V., Frey, J.U. (2003). Stress-related modulation of hippocampal long-term potentiation in rats: involvement of adrenal steroid receptors. The Journal of Neuroscience 23; 7281-7287

MRC Co-Operative on Neural plasticity, learning and memory home page. Avail: Accessed: 12/16/2002

Nestler, E., Hyman, S., Malenka, R. (2001) Molecular Neuropharmacology. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York City. pp. 457-463.

O'Keefe, J., Dostrovsky, T. (1971). The hippocampus as a spatial map: preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely moving rat. Brain Research, 34; 171-174.

Roberto M., Nelson, T.E., Ur, C.L., and Gruol, D.L. (2002). Long-term potentiation in the rat hippocampus is reversibly depressed by chronic intermittent ethanol exposure. Journal of Neurophysiology 87; 2385-2397.

Salmanzadeh, F., Fathollahi, Y., Samnanian, S., Shafizadeh, M., Kazemnejad, A. (2003). Dependence on morphine leads to a prominent sharing among the different mechanisms of long-term potentiation in the CA1 region of rat hippocampus. Brain Research 963; 93-100.

Vargha-Khadem, F., Gadian, D.G., Watkins, K.E., Connelly, A., Van Paesschen, W., Mishkin, W. (1997). Differential effects of early hippocampal pathology on episodic and semantic memory. Science, 277; 376-380.


NetLogo information

Main Menu