Athletic Performance
Research Techniques

References for Introduction:

Agnew, H. W., Webb, W. B., & Williams, R. L.  (1964).  The effects of stage 4 sleep deprivation.  Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 17, 68-70.

Agnew, H. W., Webb, W. B., & Williams, R. L.  (1967).  Comparison of stage 4
and 1-REM sleep deprivation.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 24, 851-858.

Bliss, E. L., Clark, L. D., & West, C. D. (1959).  Studies of sleep deprivation-Relationship to schizophrenia.  American Medical Association Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 81, 348-359.

Bonnet, M. H.  (1993).  Partial deprivation.  In The Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreaming (M. A. Carskadon, Ed.)  Macmillan Publishing Company: New York.

Brauchi, J. T., & West, L. J.  (1959).  Sleep deprivation.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 171 (1), 97-100.
Dement, W. C.  (1960).  The effect of dream deprivation.  Science, 131, 1705-1707.

Katz, S. E., & Landis, C.  (1935).  Psychologic and physiologic phenomena during a prolonged vigil.  Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 34, 307-316.

Edwards, A. S.  (1941).  Effects of the loss of one hundred hours of sleep.  American Journal of Psychology, 54, 80-91.

Kleitman, N.  (1963).  Sleep and wakefulness.  University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Klerman, E. B.  (1993).  Selective deprivation, NREM sleep.  In The Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreaming (M. A. Carskadon, Ed.)  Macmillan Publishing Company: New York.

Morris, G. O., Williams, H. L., & Lubin, A.  (1960).  Misperception and disorientation during sleep deprivation.  American Medical Association Archives of General  Psychiatry, 2, 247-254.

Murray, E. J., Schein, E. H., Erickson, K. T., Hill, W. F., & Cohen, M. (1959).  The effects of sleep deprivation on social behavior.  The Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 229-236.

National Institute of Mental Health.  United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.  Number 1389.  Current research on sleep and dreams, 18-27.

Neville, L.  (1997).  Sleep deprivation: Brief facts on Americans' sleep problems of lack of sleep.  U. S. News and World Report, 122 (4), 14.

Patrick, G. T. W., & Gilbert, J. A.  (1896).  On the effects of sleep loss.  The Psychological Review, 3 (5), 469-483.

Tyler, D. B.  (1955).  Psychological changes during experimental sleep deprivation.  Diseases of the Nervous System, 16 (10), 293-299.

Vogel, G. W.  (1975).  A review of REM sleep deprivation.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 32, 749-761.

Vogel, G. W.  (1993).  Selective deprivation, REM sleep . In The Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreaming (M. A. Carskadon, Ed.)  Macmillan Publishing Company: New York.

References for Behavior:

Batejat, D, and Lagarde, D. (1992) Circadian rhythm and sleep deprivation: effects on psychomotor performance.  Medical Science Research, 20, 167-168.

Bonnet, MH. (1986) Performance and Sleepiness Following Moderate Sleep Disruption and Slow Wave Sleep Deprivation.  Physiology and Behavior, 37, 915-918.

Borbely, Alexander. (1986)  Secrets of Sleep.  New York: Basic Books, Inc., Publishers.

Coenen, AML, and van Luijtelaar, ELJM. (1997) Effects of benzodiazepines, sleep, and sleep deprivation on vigilance and memory.  Acta Neurologica Belgica, 97, 123-129.

Horne, J. (1988) Why We Seep: The Functions of Sleep in Humans and Other Mammals.  Oxford: University of Oxford Press.

Lorenzo, I, Ramos, J, Arce, C, Guevara, MA, Corsi-Cabrera, M. (1995) Effect of Total Sleep Deprivation on Reaction Time and Waking EEG Activity in Man.  American Sleep Disorders Association and Sleep Research Society, 18(5), 346-354.

National Institutes of Health: Current Research on Sleep and Dreams.  Bethesda, Maryland: NIH Press. P. 24-27

Smith, Andrew and Maben, Andrea. (1993) Effects of Sleep Deprivation, Lunch, and Personality on Performance, Mood, and Cardiovascular Function.  Physiology and Behavior, 54, 967-972.

Smulders, FTY, Kenemans, JL, Jonkman, LM, Kok, A. (1997) The effect of sleep loss on task performance and the electroencephalogram in young and elderly subjects.  Biological Psychology, 45, 217-239.

Wilkinson, Robert T. (1968)  Sleep Deprivation: Performance Tests for Partial and Selective Sleep Deprivation.  Progress in Clinical Psychology, 8, 28-43.

References for Physiology:

Horne, J. (1989). Why We Sleep: the functions of sleep in humans and other mammals. Oxford       University Press, New York.

Scheving, L.E. (1959). Mitotic activity in the human epidermis. Anatomical Record, 135, 7- 20.

Luby, E.D., Frohman, C.E., Grisell, J.L., Lenzo, J.E. and Gotlieb, J.S. (1960). Sleep  deprivation: effects upon behavior, thinking, motor performance and biological energy transfer mechanisms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 22, 182-192.

Luby, E.D., Grisell, J.L, Frohman, C.E., Lees H., Cohen, B.D. and Gotlieb, J.S. (1960). Biochemical, psychological, and behavioral responses to sleep deprivation. Annals of the New  York Academy of Sciences, 96, 71-79.

Valk, I.M. and van den Bosch, J.S.G. (1978). Intradaily variation of the human ulnar length  and short term growth a longitudinal study of eleven boys. Growth, 42, 107-111.

Parker, D.C., Rossman, L.G., Kripke, D.F., Gibson, W. and Wilson, K. (1979). Rhythmicities in human growth hormone concentrations in plasma. In: Kreiger, D.T. (ed.), Endocrine Rhythms.  Raven Press, New York, 143-173.

Palmblad, J., Kantell, K., Strander, H., Froberg, J., Karlsson, C.-G., Levi, L., Grantstrom, M., and Unger, P. (1976). Stressor exposure and immunological response in man: interferon-producing capacity and phagocytosis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 20, 193-199.

Palmblad, J., Petrini, B., Wasserman, J. and Akerstedt, T. (1979). Lymphocyte and granulocyte reactions during sleep deprivation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 273-278.

Vondura, K., Brodan, N., Bass, A., Kuhn, E., Teisinger, J., Andel, M. and Veselkova, A. (1981). Effects of sleep deprivation on the activity of selected metabolic enzymes in skeletal muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 47, 41-46.

Takeushi, L., Davis, G.M., Plyley, M., Goode, R. and Shephard, R.J. (1985). Sleep deprivation, chronic exercise and muscular performance. Ergonomics, 28, 591-601.

Reilly, T. and Walsh, T.J. (1981). Physiological, psychological and performance measures during an endurance record for 5-a-side soccer play. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, 122-128

Thomas, V. and Reilly, T. (1975). Circulatory, psychological and performance variables  during 100 hours of paced continuous exercise under conditions of controlled energy intake and work output. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 1, 149-155.

Brodan, V.J., Vojtechovsky, J., Kuhn, E. and Cepelak, J. (1969). Changes in mental and physical performance in sleep deprived healthy volunteers. Activitas Nervosa Superior, Supplement 11, 175-181.

 Kleitman, N. (1963). Sleep and Wakefulness (second edition). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

References for neurochemical, therapy, and research methods:

Bergmann, B.M., Seidenm, L.S., Landis, C.A., Gilliland, M.A., and A. Rechtschaffen. (1994).  Sleep deprivation in the rat: XVIII. Regional brain levels of monoamines and their metabolites .Sleep, 17, 583-589.

Coenen AM, van Luijtelaar ELStress induced by three procedures of deprivation of paradoxical sleep.
Physiol Behav 1985 Oct;35(4):501-4

Ebert, D., and M.,  Berger.  (1998).  Neurobiological similarities in antidepressant sleep deprivation and psychostimulant use: a psychostimulant theory of antidepressant sleep deprivation. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 140,:1-10.

Hamdi, Anwar; Brock, Jeffrey; Ross, Keith; and Prasad, Chandan. (1993) Effects of rapid eye movement sleep deprivation on the properties of striatal dopaminergic system.  Pharm Biochem and Behavior, 46, 863-866

 Irwin M, Mascovich A, Gillin JC, Willoughby R, Pike J, Smith T (1994) Partial sleep deprivation reduces natural killer cell activity in humans.Psychosom Med  Nov-Dec;56(6):493-8

Leproult R, Van Reeth O, Byrne MM, Sturis J, Van Cauter E  (1997) Sleepiness, performance, and neuroendocrine function during sleep deprivation: effects of exposure to bright light or exercise.  J Biol Rhythms  Jun;12(3):245-58

McCann, U.D., Penetar, D.M., Shaham, Y., Thorne, D.R., Gillin, J.C., Sing, H.C., Thomas, M.A., and G.  Belenky.  (1992).  Sleep deprivation and impaired cognition. Possible role of brain catecholamines.  Biol Psychiatry, 31, 1082-1097.

Neumeister A, Praschak-Rieder N, Hesselmann B, Vitouch O, Rauh M, Barocka A, Tauscher J, Kasper S. 1998  Effects of tryptophan depletion in drug-free depressed patients who responded to total sleep deprivation. Arch Gen Psychiatry Feb;55(2):167-72

Rotenberg, V.S. (1994).   The revised monoamine hypothesis: mechanism of antidepressant treatment in the context of behavior. Integr Physiol Behav Sci, 29,:182-188.

Salomon, R.M., Delgado, P.L., Licinio, J., Krystal, J.H., Heninger, G.R., and D.S. Charney.  (1994). Effects of sleep deprivation on serotonin function in depression. Biol Psychiatry, 36, 840-846.

Thakkar M, Mallick BN.  (1993). Effect of rapid eye movement sleep deprivation on rat brain monoamine oxidases. Neuroscience Aug;55(3):677-83

Tsai L.L., Bergmann, B.M., Perry, B.D., Rechtschaffen, A. (1993).  Effects of chronic total sleep deprivation on central noradrenergic receptors in rat brain. Brain Research, 602, 221-227.

Tsai, L.L., Bergmann, B.M., Perry, B.D., and A. Rechtschaffen.  (1994).  Effects of chronic sleep deprivation on central cholinergic receptors in rat brain. Brain Research,  642, 95-103.

Van Luijtelaar EL, Coenen AM.  (1982). Differential behavioural effects of two instrumental paradoxical sleep
deprivation techniques in rats. Biol Psychol  Aug-Sep;15(1-2):85-93.

Wilkinson RT.  (1970).Methods for research on sleep deprivation and sleep function. Int Psychiatry Clin 7(2):369-81

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