Case Studies: Controversial Wind Farms

  
All of the below wind projects have been identified as contentious on the grounds of aesthetic impact. Our definition of aesthetic impact includes issues regarding the perceived loss of property values, the loss of recreational opportunities, wildlife impacts in protected areas that are enjoyed by tourists and local residents, and in some cases sound pollution. The information is based on the current status of construction (August 2008). The table below includes an assessment of the level of controversy surrounding each project. The case studies are coded as:

Wind Controversy Case Studies Map

Wind Farm

Location

Scale

Developer

Level of Controversy

Status

Elk River Wind

Butler County, KS

100 Turbines 150 MW

Iberdrola

Moderately contentious

Completed

Forward Wind Energy Center

Fond Du Lac and Dodge Counties, WI

86 Turbines
129 MW

Invenergy

Highly contentious

Completed

Horse Hollow

Taylor and Nolan Counties, TX

421 Turbines 735 MW

FPL Energy

Moderately contentious

Completed

Wild Horse Wind

Kittitas County, WA

127 Turbines 230 MW

EDP Renewables

Little opposition

Completed

Cohocton Wind

Steuben County, NY

35 Turbines
87 MW

First Wind

Highly contentious

Completed

Highland Wind

Highland County, VA

20 Turbines
40 MW

Highland New Wind Development

Highly contentious

Approved and under construction

Valley County Wind Energy Project

Valley County, MT

~6 turbines
10 MW

GreenHunter

Moderately contentious

Scaled back from 500 MW project to 10 MW test facility and completed

Redington / Black Nubble Wind

Franklin County, ME

18 Turbines
54 MW

Maine Mountain Power

Highly contentious

Delayed

Jordanville Wind Farm

Jordanville, NY

49 Turbines
98 MW

Community Energy / Iberdrola

Highly contentious

Scaled back from 65 turbines and delayed

Cascade Wind

Wasco County, OR

40 Turbines
60 MW

First Wind

Highly contentious

Cancelled