PHYS 22601 30506 
Principles of Physics I 
Days: M W F

Time: 08:30 am09:30 am

Room: OLRI 150

Instructor: Christopher West

Avail./Max.: 19 / 36

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of motion, including Newton's Law of Motion, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, oscillations, waves in elastic media and thermal properties of matter. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 221. Prerequisite(s): Concurrent or previous registration in MATH 135 or MATH 137; or a 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement AB or BC Calculus exam.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 226L1 30507 
Principles of Physics I Lab 
Days: R

Time: 02:20 pm04:20 pm

Room: OLRI 152

Instructor: Brian Adams

Avail./Max.: 10 / 18

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of motion, including Newton's Law of Motion, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, oscillations, waves in elastic media and thermal properties of matter. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 221. Prerequisite(s): Concurrent or previous registration in MATH 135 or MATH 137; or a 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement AB or BC Calculus exam.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 226L2 30508 
Principles of Physics I Lab 
Days: R

Time: 09:10 am11:10 am

Room: OLRI 152

Instructor: Brian Adams

Avail./Max.: 9 / 18

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of motion, including Newton's Law of Motion, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, oscillations, waves in elastic media and thermal properties of matter. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 221. Prerequisite(s): Concurrent or previous registration in MATH 135 or MATH 137; or a 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement AB or BC Calculus exam.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 22701 30509 
Principles of Physics II 
Days: M W

Time: 08:00 am09:30 am

Room: THEATR 200

Instructor: John Cannon

Avail./Max.: 13 / 27

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of electric charge and currents, electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 222. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 226 and MATH 137 (MATH 137 may also be taken concurrently).
General Education Requirements:
Quantitative Thinking Q3
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 22702 30510 
Principles of Physics II 
Days: M W F

Time: 09:40 am10:40 am

Room: OLRI 150

Instructor: Christopher West

Avail./Max.: Closed 2 / 27

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of electric charge and currents, electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 222. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 226 and MATH 137 (MATH 137 may also be taken concurrently).
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 227L1 30511 
Principles of Physics II Lab 
Days: M

Time: 02:20 pm04:20 pm

Room: OLRI 152

Instructor: Brian Adams

Avail./Max.: 8 / 18

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of electric charge and currents, electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 222. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 226 and MATH 137 (MATH 137 may also be taken concurrently).
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 227L2 30512 
Principles of Physics II Lab 
Days: T

Time: 09:10 am11:10 am

Room: OLRI 152

Instructor: Brian Adams

Avail./Max.: Closed 2 / 18

*First day attendance required*
Details
A study of electric charge and currents, electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 222. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 226 and MATH 137 (MATH 137 may also be taken concurrently).
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 227L3 30513 
Principles of Physics II Lab 
Days: T

Time: 01:20 pm03:20 pm

Room: OLRI 152

Instructor: Brian Adams

Avail./Max.: 1 / 18

*First day attendance required; registration limits will be adjusted to save 3 seats for FirstYears*
Details
A study of electric charge and currents, electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Three lectures and one twohour laboratory per week. Students cannot receive credit for both this course and PHYS 222. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 226 and MATH 137 (MATH 137 may also be taken concurrently).
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 34801 30514 
Laboratory Instrumentation 
Days: M W F

Time: 12:00 pm01:00 pm

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: James Doyle

Avail./Max.: 10 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course is an introduction to laboratory methods that are useful in experimental physics and other laboratorybased disciplines, with an emphasis on computer interfacing techniques. Topics will include basic analog electronics, fundamental instrumentation such as analogdigital converters and digital oscilloscopes, and computer interfacing using LabView. Student will design and construct several significant computer interfacing projects throughout the semester. Since this course provides the foundation for advanced experimental work and research, students should take this course in their sophomore or junior year. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 227.
General Education Requirements:
Quantitative Thinking Q1
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 348L1 30515 
Laboratory Instrumentation Lab 
Days: T

Time: 08:00 am11:10 am

Room: OLRI 154

Instructor: James Doyle

Avail./Max.: 6 / 12

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course is an introduction to laboratory methods that are useful in experimental physics and other laboratorybased disciplines, with an emphasis on computer interfacing techniques. Topics will include basic analog electronics, fundamental instrumentation such as analogdigital converters and digital oscilloscopes, and computer interfacing using LabView. Student will design and construct several significant computer interfacing projects throughout the semester. Since this course provides the foundation for advanced experimental work and research, students should take this course in their sophomore or junior year. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 227.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 348L2 30516 
Laboratory Instrumentation Lab 
Days: T

Time: 01:20 pm04:30 pm

Room: OLRI 154

Instructor: James Doyle

Avail./Max.: 4 / 12

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course is an introduction to laboratory methods that are useful in experimental physics and other laboratorybased disciplines, with an emphasis on computer interfacing techniques. Topics will include basic analog electronics, fundamental instrumentation such as analogdigital converters and digital oscilloscopes, and computer interfacing using LabView. Student will design and construct several significant computer interfacing projects throughout the semester. Since this course provides the foundation for advanced experimental work and research, students should take this course in their sophomore or junior year. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 227.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 37001 30904 
Computational Physics 
Days: M W F

Time: 10:50 am11:50 am

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Tonnis ter Veldhuis

Avail./Max.: 16 / 24

Details
This course introduces students to coding and computational methods, focusing on developing computationbased skills that are critical for practicing physicists. Students process experimental data using statistical tools, study the implications of realistic physical models using a toolbox of numerical methods, and visualize information in meaningful formats.The course starts with an introduction to coding (in Python) and a survey of data manipulation tools (e.g., reading, writing, analyzing statistically, etc.). The focus is on skills that help students in labs, research, and anywhere else they need to extract physical insight from data. After the introduction to data analysis, the course transitions into a survey of numerical techniques which facilitate quantitative analysis of theoretical models describing complex physical phenomena, thereby creating a bridge between experimental/observational and theoretical physics.The lab provides handson experience in the application of computational skills discussed in lecture to realistic physical models drawn from a wide range of physics subdisciplines. Projects in the lab are implemented using Jupyter notebooks, via the Google Colaboratory environment. Students write documentation in Latex and Markdown. No previous experience with any of these is assumed. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 331
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Course Materials

PHYS 370L1 30924 
Computational Physics Lab 
Days: R

Time: 08:00 am11:10 am

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Tonnis ter Veldhuis

Avail./Max.: 9 / 12

Details
This course introduces students to coding and computational methods, focusing on developing computationbased skills that are critical for practicing physicists. Students process experimental data using statistical tools, study the implications of realistic physical models using a toolbox of numerical methods, and visualize information in meaningful formats.The course starts with an introduction to coding (in Python) and a survey of data manipulation tools (e.g., reading, writing, analyzing statistically, etc.). The focus is on skills that help students in labs, research, and anywhere else they need to extract physical insight from data. After the introduction to data analysis, the course transitions into a survey of numerical techniques which facilitate quantitative analysis of theoretical models describing complex physical phenomena, thereby creating a bridge between experimental/observational and theoretical physics.The lab provides handson experience in the application of computational skills discussed in lecture to realistic physical models drawn from a wide range of physics subdisciplines. Projects in the lab are implemented using Jupyter notebooks, via the Google Colaboratory environment. Students write documentation in Latex and Markdown. No previous experience with any of these is assumed. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 331
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Course Materials

PHYS 370L2 30925 
Computational Physics Lab 
Days: R

Time: 01:20 pm04:30 pm

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Tonnis ter Veldhuis

Avail./Max.: 8 / 12

Details
This course introduces students to coding and computational methods, focusing on developing computationbased skills that are critical for practicing physicists. Students process experimental data using statistical tools, study the implications of realistic physical models using a toolbox of numerical methods, and visualize information in meaningful formats.The course starts with an introduction to coding (in Python) and a survey of data manipulation tools (e.g., reading, writing, analyzing statistically, etc.). The focus is on skills that help students in labs, research, and anywhere else they need to extract physical insight from data. After the introduction to data analysis, the course transitions into a survey of numerical techniques which facilitate quantitative analysis of theoretical models describing complex physical phenomena, thereby creating a bridge between experimental/observational and theoretical physics.The lab provides handson experience in the application of computational skills discussed in lecture to realistic physical models drawn from a wide range of physics subdisciplines. Projects in the lab are implemented using Jupyter notebooks, via the Google Colaboratory environment. Students write documentation in Latex and Markdown. No previous experience with any of these is assumed. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 331
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Course Materials

PHYS 39402 30520 
Cosmology and the Fate of the Universe 
Days: M W F

Time: 01:10 pm02:10 pm

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Anna Williams

Avail./Max.: Closed 1 / 16

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course will survey our current understanding of the evolution of the universe, from its beginning to its end. Basic gravitational physics and the interaction between light and matter will provide the physical foundation for our exploration of cosmology. Observations of stars, galaxies, and the intergalactic medium will be reviewed as we discuss proposed models of the universe, the Big Bang Theory, Dark Matter, inflation, largescale structure formation, and the fate of the universe. Prerequisites: PHYS 227; or PHYS 113 and MATH 137; or permission of instructor
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Course Materials

PHYS 44001 30521 
Observational Astronomy 
Days: T R

Time: 08:00 am11:10 am

Room: OLRI 150

Instructor: John Cannon

Avail./Max.: 11 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
This is an upperlevel course for physics and astronomy majors that covers techniques of astronomical data acquisition and analysis. The class is divided roughly equally between optical and radio techniques. Students complete observational projects using both the Macalester Observatory and national telescope facilities. Lectures are supplemented by a required 3hour analysis session that meets once per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 113 and PHYS 120; or PHYS 113 and a labbased upperdivision natural science course (e.g., PHYS 331, CHEM 311).
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 46101 30524 
Mechanics 
Days: M W F

Time: 09:40 am10:40 am

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Saki Khan

Avail./Max.: 17 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
The fundamental principles of classical mechanics are discussed and applied to problems of contemporary interest. Topics include: charged particle motion in electromagnetic fields, oscillations and resonance, central force motion including the Kepler problem and Rutherford scattering, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical dynamics, symmetry and conservation laws, noninertial reference frames, rigid body dynamics and applications, and an introduction to nonlinear dynamics. Three lectures, problem discussions, and 1 onehour laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 227 and MATH 312 .
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 461L1 30525 
Mechanics Lab 
Days: M

Time: 03:30 pm04:30 pm

Room: OLRI 154

Instructor: Saki Khan

Avail./Max.: 17 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
The fundamental principles of classical mechanics are discussed and applied to problems of contemporary interest. Topics include: charged particle motion in electromagnetic fields, oscillations and resonance, central force motion including the Kepler problem and Rutherford scattering, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical dynamics, symmetry and conservation laws, noninertial reference frames, rigid body dynamics and applications, and an introduction to nonlinear dynamics. Three lectures, problem discussions, and 1 onehour laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 227 and MATH 312 .
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 46801 30526 
Statistical Mechanics 
Days: M W F

Time: 08:30 am09:30 am

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Anna Williams

Avail./Max.: 12 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course explores the equilibrium and kinetic properties of manyparticle systems such as gases, liquids, and solids. The fundamental notions of entropy, temperature, and the Boltzmann relation are rigorously derived from statistical mechanics, and are used to develop other thermodynamic ideas such as chemical potential and free energy. The theory is applied to classical and quantum systems, including photon gases (blackbody radiation), BoseEinstein condensation, fermion systems such as metals and neutron stars, classical ideal gases, vibrations in solids (phonons), chemical reactions, semiconductors, and transport phenomena. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 331 and MATH 237.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 48201 30527 
Adv Quantum Mechanics 
Days: M W F

Time: 02:20 pm03:20 pm

Room: OLRI 101

Instructor: Tonnis ter Veldhuis

Avail./Max.: 9 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course continues the rigorous study of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics started in PHYS 481. Time independent perturbation theory, the variational method, and the WKB approximation are applied to physical systems. Time dependent perturbation theory is developed to investigate emission and absorption of radiation. Entangled states, the EPR paradox, and Bell's theorem are discussed. Three lectures, 1 onehour laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 481.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 482L1 30528 
Adv Quantum Mechanics Lab 
Days: F

Time: 03:30 pm04:30 pm

Room: OLRI 154

Instructor: Saki Khan

Avail./Max.: 10 / 24

*First day attendance required*
Details
This course continues the rigorous study of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics started in PHYS 481. Time independent perturbation theory, the variational method, and the WKB approximation are applied to physical systems. Time dependent perturbation theory is developed to investigate emission and absorption of radiation. Entangled states, the EPR paradox, and Bell's theorem are discussed. Three lectures, 1 onehour laboratory per week. Prerequisite(s): PHYS 481.
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials

PHYS 48901 30529 
Physics Seminar 
Days: W

Time: 03:30 pm04:30 pm

Room: OLRI 150

Instructor: Anna Williams

Avail./Max.: 32 / 63

*First day attendance required*
Details
General Education Requirements:
Distribution Requirements:
Natural science and mathematics
Course Materials
