Image Citing Basics

                            Citing Images   |   In-Text Citations   |   MLA Citation   |   CMS Citation                             Creative Commons Attributions   |   Tips   |   Additional Resources

Fig. 1. Fruit still life from: Hartley, Marsden. Still Life with Fruit. 1923. Private collection, library.artstor.org/asset/SS35458_35458_22425292.

MLA and Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) are common citation styles in the Art History field. However, your professor may have a different preference for what information they expect in citations, so refer to their syllabus for details.

Citations and attributions are similar, but they are not the same. 

Cite When… Attribute When…
you plan to use any images in a scholarly work (from print or web). Citations are an integral part of scholarship and require that you name all the sources used in your research. Sources can include textual materials (books, articles, encyclopedia entries, etc.) or non-textual material (images, video clips, maps, diagrams, etc.).

Images should be cited according to the required format style (MLA, CMS, etc.).

you plan to use any images for presentations or other formats that do not require a specific styleAttributions are meant to give credit to the creator of an image or work in whatever manner they have specified. You are using the material they created for free, so it is important to give the credit they have specified. The most common images requiring attributions will be found in Creative Commons.

It is equally important to note that an attribution is not the same as a citation manager. Citation managers will automatically generate a citation in a specific style (MLA, Chicago, etc.) for you, but the citation may still need to be modified and is not considered an attribution.

What to Include

Not all citation styles require all the information relating to an artwork, but the following details are commonly required in citations:

  • Artist
  • Title
  • Date Created
  • Material or Medium
  • Dimensions of the Work
  • Repository or Owner
  • City/Country of Origin
  • Repository Accession
  • Image Reproduction Source
Fig. 2. Ceramic feline bottle with large handle from: Moche. Spotted Feline Bottle. 4th-7th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/309447?&searchField=All&where=Peru&ft=*&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=7.

 

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Written by, or adapted from, the references listed on the Additional Resources Page (current as of November 2019).