Image Citing Basics
MLA and Chicago are common citation styles in the Art History field. However, your professor may have a different preference for what information they expect in citations, so refer to their syllabus for details.
|When to Cite||When to Attribute|
|Any images you plan to use in a scholarly work (from print or web) should be cited according to required format style (MLA, Chicago, etc.)||You may attribute an image for presentations, papers, or other formats that do not require a specific style.|
Not all citation styles require all the information relating to an artwork, but the the following details are commonly required in citations:
- Artist; title; date created; material or medium; dimensions of work; repository or owner; city or country of origin; repository accession number; image reproduction source
Citing in the body of the text
- Refer to the work of art using the following format: Artist/creator, Title (Figure #).
- Assign figure numbers in order as each new image is first referenced in the text. Include the figure number when you cite all the images at the end of the text.
- When composing a citation, provide what information you do know and write “unknown” for any information you cannot locate.
- Cite the original source of images found on Google, rather than google.com.
Blake, William. The Ghost of a Flea. 1918. Tempera heightened with gold on mahogany. Tate Britain,
London. Art Project. Google. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.
Last name, First name. Title of Work. Year. Medium. Repository: Location of repository. Website name. Website sponsor. Web. Date of retrieval.
Duveneck, Frank. Whistling Boy, 1872. Oil on canvas. 28 in. x 21.5 in. Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati. <www.cincinnatiartmuseum.org>, accessed 31 May, 2017.
Last name, First name. Title of Work, Year. Medium, dimensions. Repository, Location of repository. <website URL>, accessed date.
Creative Commons Attribution
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Written by, or adapted from, Vanderbilt University Libraries (current as of April 2018).