77 Mac Room 201
13.8 College Alcohol and Drug Policy
Macalester College prohibits the unlawful possession, use and distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol, and expects that student, faculty and staff members of the College community will conduct themselves in a responsible manner that shows respect for others and the community at large. This prohibition applies to all activities sponsored by the College whether on college owned property or at other locations. The same behavioral standards apply to all individuals: students, faculty and staff and guests of the College community. As part of the larger community, Macalester College is subject to, abides by and supports Minnesota state statutes and local ordinances.
General Alcohol Regulations
- Alcoholic beverages may not be sold on campus unless the College has secured a license for sale.
- Alcoholic beverages may not be served to or consumed by individuals under the legal drinking age.
- Members of the College community are legally and ethically responsible for the actions of their guests relating to the consumption of alcoholic beverages. This includes ensuring that guests' actions and behavior, whether the guest is attending a registered event or visiting a residence hall.
- Alcoholic beverages may not be consumed in public areas, even on an individual basis, without prior registration of the event at which alcohol is being consumed. Public areas include: lounges and hallways of residence halls, the Dining Commons, the Student Union, athletic fields and facilities, all outdoor areas and other academic and administrative buildings.
- Areas where registration is not necessary include the Alumni House, President's House and guest rooms and private rooms in the residence halls.
- Members of the College community are legally responsible for injuries to their guests and others as a result of alcoholic beverages which they serve.
- The service of alcoholic beverages at College events may not be advertised, on or off campus. Copies of advertising for events at which alcohol is to be served must be submitted at the time of the event registration. The name of the sponsor or sponsoring organization must be indicated on all advertising.
Macalester College respects the rights of community members to exercise their legal options regarding alcohol consumption. Violation of College policies regarding the use, distribution or possession of chemicals and alcohol will result in sanctions ranging from warning or probation through temporary or permanent separation from the College, and may also include referral to civil authorities for prosecution. The College may require chemical or alcohol assessment or treatment in addition to disciplinary sanctions which may be imposed. Violations of College policy with the range of appropriate sanctions is listed below:
- Violation of College Policy - Range of Sanctions
- Possession of illicit drugs - Official warning through expulsion/termination
- Use of illicit drugs
- Distribution of illicit drugs - Suspension for fixed period through expulsion/termination
- Unlawful possession of alcohol- Official warning through
- Unlawful use of alcohol - expulsion/termination
- Unlawful distribution of alcohol
As part of the larger community, Macalester College is subject to and abides by Minnesota state statutes and local ordinances regarding the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The City of St. Paul and the City of Minneapolis have an ordinance prohibiting the consumption of, or possession of an open container containing an alcoholic beverage in any public place or on private property without the owner's permission. In accordance with the ordinance, Macalester has an event policy where registration of events and permission to provide alcohol is required.
Minnesota state law provides that it is a misdemeanor if a person under 21 consumes alcohol, attempts to purchase alcohol, possess alcohol with intent to consume, enters a licensed establishment or municipal liquor store for the purpose of purchasing or being served alcohol, or misrepresents his or her age. Misdemeanors are punishable by imprisonment for up to 90 days and/or up to a $700 fine.
It is a gross misdemeanor to give or sell alcohol to a person under the age of 21, or to procure alcohol for an obviously intoxicated person. It is also a gross misdemeanor (punishable by imprisonment for up to 90 days and/or up to a $3000 fine) to induce a person under the age of 21 to purchase alcohol, or to knowingly permit a person under 21 to use one's drivers license or other identification for the purpose of procuring alcohol. Selling alcohol to a person under the age of 21 who becomes intoxicated and causes death or serious bodily harm to him/herself or another is a felony, punishable by imprisonment in excess of one year and/or a fine in excess of $3000.
If an individual in Minnesota drives under the influence of drugs or alcohol, possible sentences include revocation of driving privileges, fines, imprisonment and participation in rehabilitation programs. If a person drives under the influence of alcohol and death or injury results, the intoxicated driver can be convicted of murder, manslaughter or battery.
Minnesota laws covers a wide range of drug offenses, including the sale or the possession of various types of drugs. Penalties are harsher for sale than possession.
Following is a list of the penalties for first time offenses that can result from the unlawful sale or possession of certain drugs:
- Cocaine - penalties range from up to 5 years in prison and/or up to a $10,000 fine to up to 30 years in prison and/or up to a $1,000,000 fine.
- Marijuana/Hashish - penalties range from up to a $200 fine and participation in a drug education program to up to 30 years in prison and/or up to a $1,000,000 fine.
- Narcotic Drugs - penalties range from up to 5 years in prison and/or up to a $10,000 fine and up to 30 years in prison and/or up to a $1,000,000 fine.
In addition to state laws, federal laws prohibit the manufacture, distribution, possession with intent to manufacture or distribute and simple possession of drugs.
Following is a list of the penalties for first time offenses:
- Cocaine, crack, heroin, morphine, PCP, LSD, or marijuana (1,000 kg or more) - minimum of 10 years and a maximum of life imprisonment and/or up to a $4,000,000 fine for knowing or intentional manufacture, sale or possession with intent to sell of large amounts. Smaller amounts of heroin, morphine, cocaine, crack and marijuana (100kg+) have penalties of 5-40 years imprisonment and/or up to a $2,000,000 fine.
- Marijuana (50 kg-), hashish, hashish oil, amphetamines, barbiturates and other controlled stimulants and depressives - maximum of five years and/or up to a $250,000 fine.
- Also, for using mail, telephone, radio or other public or private means of communication to commit acts that violate the laws against the manufacture, sale and possession of drugs - maximum of four years in prison and/or up to a $30,000 fine.
Federal law also allows for doubling the penalties when a person at least 18 years of age: 1) distributes to a person under 21, or 2) distributes, possesses with intent to distribute, or manufactures a controlled substance in or on, or within one thousand feet of a public or private elementary or secondary school, or a public or private college.
Persons convicted of possession or distribution of controlled substances may be ineligible for federal benefits (including grants, contracts and loans) from one to five years.
Drugs and alcohol are toxic to the human body and if abused can have serious health consequences.
Following is a summary of health risks associated with alcohol abuse and the use of specific types of drugs:
- Alcohol - alcohol consumption has acute effects on the body and causes a number of marked behavior changes. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Moderate to high doses increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts including risk-taking behaviors. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in mental functions, severely affecting a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol can be fatal.
- Illicit drugs - drugs interfere with the brain's ability to take in, sort and synthesize information. They distort perception, affect sensations and impair memory. Specific health risks associated with particular types of drugs are listed below:
- Cocaine/crack - Cocaine stimulates the nervous system, elevates blood pressure, increases heart and respiratory rates and elevates body temperature. Cocaine can produce psychological and physical dependency. Effects of the use of crack include increased pulse rate, insomnia, loss of appetite, tactile hallucinations, paranoia and seizures. Crack is far more addictive than heroin or barbiturates. Repeated use of crack can to lead to addiction within a few days. Continued use can produce violent behavior and psychotic states similar to schizophrenia. Cocaine in any form, but particularly crack, can cause sudden death from cardiac arrest or respiratory failure.
- Marijuana - Marijuana may increase the heart rate, produce bloodshot eyes, a dry mouth and increased appetite. It may impair short term memory, alter sense of time and reduce the ability to perform tasks requiring coordination and concentration. Research show that motivation and cognition may be altered and that marijuana can cause severe psychological damage. marijuana also damages the lungs and pulmonary system and contains more cancer-causing agents than tobacco smoke.
- Narcotics - Narcotics produce a feeling of euphoria that is often followed by drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. An overdose may produce slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma and possible death.
- Amphetamines - Amphetamines (uppers) can cause increased heart and respiratory rates, elevated blood pressure and decreased appetite. Extremely high doses can cause a rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremors, loss of coordination and even physical collapse.
- Barbiturates - Barbiturates (downers) have many of the same effects as alcohol. Small amounts can produce calmness and relaxed muscles, but larger doses can cause slurred speech, staggering and altered perception. Very large doses can cause respiratory depression, coma and death. The combination of alcohol and barbiturates will multiply the effects, thereby multiplying the risks. The use of depressants can cause both physical and psychological dependence.
- Hallucinogens - Hallucinogens interrupt the functions of the brain that control the intellect and keep instincts in check. The use of hallucinogens may produce a sense of distance and estrangement, panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety and loss of control. Large doses may produce convulsions and coma, and heart and lung failure.
- Inhalants - The immediate negative effects of inhalants include nausea, sneezing, coughing, nosebleeds, fatigue, lack of coordination and loss of appetite. Solvents and aerosol sprays can decrease the heart and respiratory rates and impair judgement. Deeply inhaling vapors, or using large amounts over a short time, may result in disorientation, violent behavior, unconsciousness or death. High concentrations of inhalants can cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in the lungs or by depressing the central nervous system to the point that breathing stops.
Drug and Alcohol Counseling
The College is concerned with the number of health risks associated with the illegal use of illicit drugs and alcohol. Macalester College supports a Chemical Health Program which promotes responsible and informed community members and supports College- wide programs, training and activities which promote responsible use of alcohol and encourages healthy alternatives to alcohol consumption. The Chemical Health Committee is open to any interested students, faculty and staff.
Winton Health Services provide professional help and referral for students concerned about alcohol or drug use. Faculty and staff may voluntarily request assistance from the Employment Services Office in dealing with drug and alcohol issues. The cost of treatment may be covered by health insurance benefits.
Other local sources available for assistance and counseling include:
- First Call for Help Hotline - 612-335-5000
- Chrysalis (Center for Battered Women - chemical dependency program) - 612-871-0118
- Hazelden Metro Line - 651-257-4010
- St. Mary's and Riverside Hospitals (chemical dependency service) - 612-672-6000
- Narcotics Anonymous - 612-822-7965
- National Hotlines providing service:
- Cocaine Helpline - 1-800-COCAINE
- NCA Info Line - 1-800-NCA-CALL (National Counsel on Alcoholism)
- NIDA Hotline - 1-800-662-HELP (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
- PRIDE Drug Information - 1-800-241-9746 (Parents' Resource Institute for Drug Education)
- EAR (Employee Assistance Program) - 1-800-854-1446
Compliance with the Drug Free Schools/Communities and the Drug Free Workplace Acts
Macalester College is committed to complying with the requirements of the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act and the Drug Free Workplace Act. The requirements for compliance with the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989 are addressed in the alcohol policy section of the student, staff and faculty handbooks. The College conducts biennial reviews of its alcohol and drug program to determine its effectiveness, implement needed changes and insure that disciplinary sanctions are consistently enforced.
Additional requirements for compliance with the Drug Free Workplace Act of 1988 state that employees of the College are required to report to work on time and in appropriate mental and physical condition for work and to remain in that condition during the work shift. Employees must, as a condition of employment, abide by the terms of this policy and report any criminal convictions under a criminal drug stature for violations occurring on or off campus premises while conducting college business. A report of conviction must be made within five days of conviction.
Within thirty days after receiving notification that an employee has been convicted under a criminal drug statute for violation occurring in the workplace, Macalester will either take disciplinary action against the employee (up to and including termination) or will require the employee to satisfactorily participate in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by federal, state or local health, law enforcement or appropriate agency.