3.11 Flexible Work Arrangements
Macalester supports flexible work arrangements in situations which will benefit the employee, the work unit or department, and the College. In many cases, flexible work arrangements will lead to a higher level of satisfaction and productivity for employees. Flexible work arrangements will be considered on a case-by-case basis. The number and type of flexible schedules may vary widely around campus depending on the needs of those being served. These arrangements may be flexible hours, compressed work weeks, job sharing, or telecommuting.
3.11.1 FLEXIBLE HOURS AND COMPRESSED WORK WEEKS
Many employees are given the opportunity to schedule their own working hours in consultation with their supervisor, within the limitations set by Macalester, in order to meet the goals and objectives of the work unit or department.
Generally, full-time employees work 7.75 hours each day and arrive and leave within specified two-hour periods: employees may arrive anytime between 6:45 a.m. and 9:00 a.m., work 7.75 hours, and leave anytime between 3:15 p.m. and 5:30 p.m. (allowing a minimum of 30 minutes for lunch).
Established arrival and departure times should be consistent day to day and week to week. When necessary, individual offices or departments have the option of revising these arrival/departure hours to meet specific needs with the approval of the direct report.
This optional authority includes the flexibility to schedule a compressed workweek, again with the approval of the direct report, but also subject to review by the Director of Employment Services. The Director of Employment Services will review compressed work week proposals to ensure that the following standards are met:
- Arrival and departure times, and days of work, are consistent day to day and week to week;
- Employees are notified at the inception of the compressed work week schedule that scheduled days may not be moved to accommodate holidays or vacation scheduling
- In the event a staff employee claims paid leave time (medical, vacation, regular or floating paid holidays, ect.), the time reported should be based on the usual and customary schedule had the employee worked the day
Each employee is expected to adhere to the general guidelines and to continue to meet job commitments and responsibilities. This includes taking the needs of the work group into consideration when choosing a personal work schedule. An employee is also expected to avoid disruption of others’ work in arrivals, departures, and breaks.
Fair administration of the general guideline will be the responsibility of each supervisor. In addition, supervisory duties will include maintaining customer and co-workers communications, satisfactory scheduling, and group morale.
3.11.2 SUMMER HOURS
A compressed work week arrangement is available to all eligible staff employees during the summer months. Summer hours may begin the week following commencement, and regular work schedules should commence the week before classes being in the fall. Observance of the summer hours schedule may be superseded by the business needs of the college for individual departments based of direction of the applicable senior staff member.
The following rules apply for offices/departments with summer hours in effect:
Regular work hours are rearranged during the summer hour period to allow staff employees to be free from work on Friday afternoon (for a 1 FTE employee):
- 8.5 hours per day Monday through Thursday
- 4.75 hours on Friday.
- Flexible hours can substitute the summer schedule for individual employees, see 3.11.1 for more details and guidelines
In the event that a regular college holiday falls during the observed summer hour period, hours reported for the holiday should be based on their usual and customary schedule had the employee worked the day – see policy 11.9 for more detail.
Schedule Guidelines for Employees:
- Employees may arrive anytime between 6:30 a.m. and 8:30 a.m., and work 8.5 hours Monday through Thursday, and leave anytime between 3:45 p.m. and 5:45 p.m., allowing a minimum of 30 minute for lunch
- On Fridays, employees may arrive anytime between 6:30 a.m. and 8:30 a.m., work 4.75 hours, and leave between 11:45 a.m. and 1:30 p.m.
Schedule Guidelines for Offices/Departments:
- Monday through Thursday – offices/departments must open at least by 8 a.m. and close no earlier than 4:30 p.m.
- Friday – offices/departments must be open 4.75 hours opening between 6:30am to 8:30am and closing between 11:45 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.
- Departments or offices that require an exception to this schedule, due to business need, should consult with their direct reports for alternative schedules.
3.11.3 JOB SHARING
It is the policy of the College to provide opportunities for employees to participate in job sharing when such opportunities become available. Job sharing is defined as two employees sharing the work responsibilities of one full-time (.75 FTE or more) position concurrently. Job share partners should be capable of performing all job functions within a position.
This policy applies to all Macalester staff employees, with the exception of those covered by collective bargaining agreements and student employees.
To request a job sharing arrangement, begin by meeting with your supervisor to discuss your request. You and your supervisor should carefully review the “Guidelines” and “Questions and Answers” provided below to determine whether job sharing is a viable arrangement for your position. If you believe that your request falls within the guidelines and that the request will likely lead to a successful job sharing arrangement, you need to develop a written proposal. A written proposal requesting a job share arrangement should include:
- Business case that demonstrates how a job sharing arrangement will be mutually beneficial for you as well as Macalester
- Proposed work schedule including what will happen with planned/unplanned absences
- Plan for sharing duties/assignments and equipment/facilities
- Communication plan for working with the job share partner, team and manager
Please remember that your supervisor may establish guidelines/parameters for job sharing that are specific to your job and/or department. Supervisor support is a necessary condition for submitting a written proposal. Once your supervisor has reviewed and approved the written proposal, it should be forwarded to the Direct Report to the President for your area for approval. Finally, the written proposal needs to be forwarded to Employment Services for approval. The Employment Services Department is available to assist you throughout this process.
- Job Sharing is a voluntary arrangement. Your supervisor, the direct report to the President for your area, and Employment Services must approve your job sharing arrangement. Management will retain authority to approve or reject a job sharing request following a review of the applicability of the job sharing arrangement to the job in question.
- Persons who equally share a single position are job share employees. Not all jobs are suitable for job sharing. Factors to be considered include: the nature of the job, operating needs of the department, the potential impact on the department’s clients, and the potential cost to the College for additional equipment, temporary help, etc.
- Job sharers must assume the primary responsibility for necessary reporting between themselves and their supervisor. The employees’ job performance evaluations will, in fact, take into consideration their ability to effectively coordinate with one another and the supervisor.
- Upon the absence of one employee, the other must commit to providing coverage whenever possible.
- Job share partners should be capable of performing all job functions within a position. Partners are normally responsible for all elements of the job.
- Job share employees may work half-days, every other day, every other week, or whatever division the employees and supervisors believe best suits the job and operating needs of the department. Each partner should work half of the full-time position.
- Job share partners do not necessarily receive the same rate of pay. If an employee transfers to a job share position at a higher rate of pay than the other employee, the higher rate may be retained. In most situations, the partners will be paid equivalent pay.
- To request a job share arrangement, you must have completed one year of service at Macalester College, and have a recent performance review with a rating of good (3) or better.
Job Sharing Question and Answers
What happens to the position when one employee goes out on an approved leave?
If the leave will be for a short period of time, you may want to see if the job share partner can temporarily fill in. For an extended period of time the job share partner may be unable to work in a full time capacity. You may need to use a temporary employee of other team members to help fill the gap.
How do we facilitate communication between job share partners and the department?
Clarify the role of the job share partners with department members to alleviate misunderstandings as to which person department members can go to for assistance. Ideally, internal and external customers should be able to contact either job share partner with no delay in service. Job share partners should communicate with each other in a way that eliminates the need for repeat requests or discussions with customers.
How are position responsibilities allocated to each job share partner?
Typically both people should be responsible for all job functions. There may be certain functions that one employee is more comfortable doing and you may allocate the responsibilities accordingly. In a job share arrangement both employees should be capable of performing all job functions within the position. If they are not capable, you may have two part-time positions, not a job share arrangement.
How is performance measured for job share partners?
Performance evaluations will be based upon the partners’ abilities to perform all the position responsibilities which have been assigned to them. Since many responsibilities are shared, the job share partners’ ability to effectively coordinate with one another and the supervisor will be critical. Individual qualities that each person brings to the job will be factored into the evaluation as well.
How are benefits provided for job share partners?
Benefit set up will be based on each employee’s proportional FTE. For example, if the total job is 1.0 FTE, and is shared equally, each employee will receive benefits based on .50 FTE. Job share employees should consult with Employment Services to get a detailed explanation of benefit eligibility.
What if one person terminates his/her position in the job share arrangement?
The Supervisor, Direct Report to the President of the appropriate area, and Employment Services will review the situation. The remaining job share partner may be asked to become full-time or a search for a new job share partner may begin. If there is a search for a new partner, the remaining partner may be asked to temporarily fill in the gap.
What if one job share partner requests full-time employment?
Opportunities within the College would be considered for the job share partner requesting full-time employment. If the other partner is terminating, the request for full-time by the remaining partner would normally be accommodated.
3.11.4 STAFF EMPLOYEE REMOTE WORKING POLICY
Macalester is a residential college where in-person and community-based interactions enhance the student and college workforce experience. In some cases, remote work has the potential to enhance operational functions, improve employee retention, and maximize on-campus space for functions that directly serve our constituents. Occasional remote work does not require a prior written agreement and can be managed ad-hoc with the permission of your supervisor. The purpose of this policy is to provide guidelines for regular remote work to ensure successful work arrangements across campus.
It is an arrangement whereby some or all work is performed from an off-campus location. Remote working is based on the responsibilities of the position and the department as well as the employee’s past and present levels of performance. This policy applies to all staff employees of the College whose positions meet the eligibility requirements as stated below.
Department supervisors, with approval by a member of Senior Staff, will determine eligibility of a position for remote work based on the functions of the role.
Eligibility of a position for remote work is determined by the position supervisor, with approval from the appropriate Vice President. Considerations for remote work include:
- The remote work arrangement does not negatively impact the operations of the department or the workload of other department employees.
- Workload can be performed away from campus without diminishing the quality of work or service to constituents.
- Employee has acceptable access to computer equipment, VPN and adequate internet speed.
- Employee has a designated workspace that is conducive to accomplishing work.
- Employee, while at their remote location, will be in compliance with all organizational policies.
- Not eligible: Collective Bargaining Unit employees and most casual/temporary employees.
Guideline & Agreement:
The remote work agreement between supervisor and employee must be documented and a copy placed on file at Employment Services. The Remote Work Agreement and Guidelines are available on the Employment Services website. An employee must maintain the same or an improved level of productivity and work quality while working remotely. If productivity and/or work quality decline, the Agreement will be reevaluated by the employee’s supervisor to determine whether changes should be made or if the Agreement should be terminated.